The Trigonometrical ratios table will help us to find the values of trigonometric standard angles.

The standard angles of trigonometrical ratios are 0°, 30°, 45°, 60° and 90°.

The values of trigonometrical ratios of standard angles are very important to solve the trigonometrical problems. Therefore, it is necessary to remember the value of the trigonometrical ratios of these standard angles. The sine, cosine and tangent of the standard angles are given below in the table.

Trigonometric Table in Sexagesimal System

Trigonometric Table in Circular System

**Note:** Values of sin θ and cos θ lies between 0 and 1 (both inclusive)

**To remember the above values:**

(a) divide the numbers 0, 1, 2, 3 and 4 by 4,

(b) take the positive square roots,

(c) these numbers given the values of sin 0°, sin 30°, sin 45°, sin 60° and sin 90° respectively.

(d) write the values of sin 0°, sin 30°, sin 45°, sin 60° and sin 90° in reverse order and get the values of cos 0°, cos 30°, cos 45°, cos 60° and cos 90° respectively.

If θ be an acute angle, the values of sin θ and cos θ lies between 0 and 1 (both inclusive).

The sine of the standard angles 0°, 30°, 45°, 60° and 90° are respectively the positive square roots of 0/4,1/4, 2/4,3/4 and 4/4

Therefore,

sin 0° = √(0/4) = 0

sin 30° = √(1/4) = ½

sin 45° = √(2/4) = 1/√2 = √2/2

sin 60° = √3/4 = √3/2;

cos 90° = √(4/4) = 1.

Similarly cosine of the above standard angels are respectively the positive square roots of 4/4, 3/4, 2/4, 1/4, 0/4

Therefore,

cos 0° = √(4/4) = 1

cos 30° = √(3/4) = √3/2

cos 45° = 1

cos 60° = √(1/4) = 1/2

cos 90° = √(0/4) = 0.

Since, we know the sin and cos value of the standard angles from the trigonometrical ratios table; therefore we can easily find the values of the other trigonometrical ratios of the standard angles.

**The tangent of the standard angles 0°, 30°, 45°, 60° and 90°**:

tan 0° = 0

tan 30° = √3/3

tan 45° = √(2/4) = 1/√2 = √2/2

tan 60° = √3

tan 90° = not defined.

**The cosine of the standard angles 0°, 30°, 45°, 60° and 90°:**

csc 0° = not defined.

csc 30° = 2

csc 45° = √2

csc 60° = 2√3/3

csc 90° = 1.

**The secant of the standard angles 0°, 30°, 45°, 60° and 90°:**

sec 0° = 1

sec 30° = 2√3/3

sec 45° = √2

sec 60° = 2

sec 90° = not defined.

**The cotangent of the standard angles 0°, 30°, 45°, 60° and 90°:**

cot 0° = not defined.

cot 30° = √3

cot 45° = 1

cot 60° = √3/3

cot 90° = 0

**●** **Trigonometric Functions**

**Basic Trigonometric Ratios and Their Names****Restrictions of Trigonometrical Ratios****Reciprocal Relations of Trigonometric Ratios****Quotient Relations of Trigonometric Ratios****Limit of Trigonometric Ratios****Trigonometrical Identity****Problems on Trigonometric Identities****Elimination of Trigonometric Ratios****Eliminate Theta between the equations****Problems on Eliminate Theta****Trig Ratio Problems****Proving Trigonometric Ratios****Trig Ratios Proving Problems****Verify Trigonometric Identities****Trigonometrical Ratios of 0°****Trigonometrical Ratios of 30°****Trigonometrical Ratios of 45°****Trigonometrical Ratios of 60°****Trigonometrical Ratios of 90°****Trigonometrical Ratios Table****Problems on Trigonometric Ratio of Standard Angle****Trigonometrical Ratios of Complementary Angles****Rules of Trigonometric Signs****Signs of Trigonometrical Ratios****All Sin Tan Cos Rule****Trigonometrical Ratios of (- θ)****Trigonometrical Ratios of (90° + θ)****Trigonometrical Ratios of (90° - θ)****Trigonometrical Ratios of (180° + θ)****Trigonometrical Ratios of (180° - θ)****Trigonometrical Ratios of (270° + θ)****Trigonometrical Ratios of (270° - θ)****Trigonometrical Ratios of (360° + θ)****Trigonometrical Ratios of (360° - θ)****Trigonometrical Ratios of any Angle****Trigonometrical Ratios of some Particular Angles****Trigonometric Ratios of an Angle****Trigonometric Functions of any Angles****Problems on Trigonometric Ratios of an Angle****Problems on Signs of Trigonometrical Ratios**

**11 and 12 Grade Math**

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