We will discuss here about multiplying fractions by a whole number, by a fractional number or by another mixed fractional number.

**I. Multiplication of fractional number by a whole number:**

Let us multiply \(\frac{1}{4}\) by 3. We use the rule of repeated addition to find the product.

We can say that \(\frac{1}{4}\) of 3 = \(\frac{3}{4}\)

To multiply a fraction by a whole number, we multiply the
numerator of the fraction by the whole number and reduce the fraction to the
lowest terms, if so required.

**For example:**

(i) Multiply 1\(\frac{2}{9}\) by 25

**Solution:**

1\(\frac{2}{9}\) × 25

= \(\frac{1 × 9 + 2}{9}\)

= \(\frac{11}{9}\) × 25

= \(\frac{11 × 25}{9}\)

= \(\frac{275}{9}\)

= 30\(\frac{5}{9}\)

2/3 × 7 = (2 × 7)/3 = 14/3 = 4 2/3 |
We simply multiply the numerator of the fractional number by the whole number. The denominator remains the same. |

(iii) Multiply 2 3/5 by 6
2 3/5 × 6
= (2 × 5 + 3)/5 × 6 = (10 + 3)/5 × 6 = 13/5 × 6 = (13 × 6)/5 = 78/5 = 15 3/5 |
We change the mixed numbers into improper fractions and then simply multiply the numerator of the fractional number by the whole number. The denominator remains the same. |

**II. Multiplication of fractional number by another
fractional number:**

**For example:**

2/5 × 4/5 = (2 × 4)/(5 × 5)
= 8/25 |
Step I: We multiply the numerators.
Step II: We multiply the denominators. Step III: We write the fraction in the simplest form. |

8/9 × 7/10 = (8 × 7)/(9 × 10)
= 56/90 |
We simply multiply the numerators of the fractional numbers and then multiply the denominators of the fractional numbers. Write the fraction in the simplest form. |

**(iii)** Multiply \(\frac{4}{7}\), \(\frac{3}{11}\) and \(\frac{5}{8}\).

**Solution:**

To multiply two or more fractions, we multiply the numerators of given fractions to find the new numerator of the product and multiply the denominators to get the denominator of the product.

Hence, \(\frac{4}{7}\) × \(\frac{3}{11}\) × \(\frac{5}{8}\) = \(\frac{4 × 3 × 5}{7 × 11 × 8}\)

= \(\frac{60}{616}\)

**III. Multiplication of a mixed number by another mixed
number:**

**For example:**

(i) Multiply 2 1/3 by 1 ¾ Solution:
2 1/3 × 1 ¾ = 7/3 × 7/4 = 49/12 = 4 1/12 |
We change the mixed numbers into improper fractions and then we multiply as usual. |

(ii) Multiply 1 7/9 by 3 5/11 Solution:
1 7/9 × 3 5/11 = 16/9 × 38/11 = (16 × 38)/(9 × 11) = 608/99 = 6 14/99 |
We change the mixed numbers into improper fractions and then we multiply as usual. |

**(iii)** Multiply 11\(\frac{7}{8}\) by 3\(\frac{1}{24}\)

**Solution:**

Let us first convert mixed numbers into improper fractions.

11\(\frac{7}{8}\) = \(\frac{11 × 8 + 7}{8}\) = \(\frac{95}{8}\)

3\(\frac{1}{24}\) = \(\frac{3 × 24 + 1}{24}\) = \(\frac{73}{24}\)

Now, \(\frac{95}{8}\) × \(\frac{73}{24}\) = \(\frac{95 × 73}{8 × 24}\)

= \(\frac{6935}{192}\)

= 36\(\frac{23}{192}\)

Questions and Answers on Multiplying Fractions:

**I. Find the product:**

(i) \(\frac{5}{19}\) × 1

(ii) \(\frac{6}{7}\) × 5

(iii) \(\frac{9}{14}\) × 6

(iv) \(\frac{4}{13}\) × 0

(v) \(\frac{1}{7}\) × \(\frac{5}{6}\)

(vi) 1\(\frac{1}{10}\) × 8

(vii) \(\frac{1}{7}\) × \(\frac{8}{1}\)

(viii) \(\frac{1}{3}\) × \(\frac{7}{5}\) × \(\frac{2}{9}\)

(ix) \(\frac{4}{15}\) × \(\frac{10}{21}\)

(x) \(\frac{1}{2}\) of 100

(xi) \(\frac{1}{3}\) of 60

(xii) \(\frac{4}{5}\) of \(\frac{8}{11}\)

**Answers:**

(i) \(\frac{5}{19}\)

(ii) 4\(\frac{2}{7}\)

(iii) 3\(\frac{6}{7}\)

(iv) 0

(v) \(\frac{5}{42}\)

(vi) 8\(\frac{4}{5}\)

(vii) 1\(\frac{1}{7}\)

(viii) \(\frac{14}{135}\)

(ix) \(\frac{8}{63}\)

(x) 50

(xi) 20

(xii) \(\frac{32}{55}\)

**II. Multiply and write the product in lowest terms.**

(i) \(\frac{1}{2}\) × 40

(ii) \(\frac{1}{3}\) × 150

(iii) \(\frac{2}{7}\) × 21

(iv) \(\frac{7}{38}\) × 0

(v) \(\frac{31}{65}\) × 1

(vi) 8 × \(\frac{17}{24}\)

(vii) \(\frac{3}{7}\) × \(\frac{7}{15}\)

(viii) \(\frac{9}{32}\) × \(\frac{8}{36}\)

(ix) \(\frac{11}{15}\) × \(\frac{45}{88}\)

(x) \(\frac{2}{10}\) ×\(\frac{3}{22}\) ×\(\frac{40}{30}\)

(xi) \(\frac{1}{6}\) ×\(\frac{2}{5}\) ×\(\frac{3}{4}\)

(xii) 3\(\frac{1}{7}\) ×\(\frac{21}{44}\)

**Answers:**

(i) 20

(ii) 50

(iii) 6

(iv) 0

(v) \(\frac{31}{65}\)

(vi) \(\frac{17}{3}\)

(vii) \(\frac{1}{5}\)

(viii) \(\frac{1}{16}\)

(ix) \(\frac{3}{8}\)

(x) \(\frac{2}{55}\)

(xi) \(\frac{1}{20}\)

(xii) 1\(\frac{1}{2}\)

**III. Find the given quantity.**

(i) \(\frac{1}{7}\) of 28 kg apples

(ii) \(\frac{2}{15}\) of $300

(iii) \(\frac{5}{9}\) of 54 km

(iv) \(\frac{2}{5}\) of 70 chairs

**Answers:**

(i) 4 kg apples

(ii) $40

(iii) 30 km

(iv) 28 chairs

Word problems on Multiplying Fractions:

**1.** 2\(\frac{1}{5}\) m of cloth is required to make a shirt. Ron wants to make 25 shirts, what length of cloth does he need?

**Answer:** 55 m of cloth

**2.** \(\frac{3}{4}\) cups of milk is required to make a cake of 1 kg. How many cups of milk is required to make a cake of 4\(\frac{1}{2}\) kg?

**Answer:** 3\(\frac{3}{8}\) cups

**3.** Shelly bought 16\(\frac{3}{4}\) liters of juice. If the cost of 1 liter juice is $8, find the total cost of juice?

**Answer:** $134

**4.** The weight of each bag is 4\(\frac{1}{4}\) Kg. What would be the weight of 36 such bags?

**Answer:** 153 kg

**5.** Sam works for 6\(\frac{2}{8}\) hours each day. For how much time will she work in a month if she works for 24 days in a month?

**Answer:** 150 hours

● **Related Concepts**

**Fraction of a Whole Numbers****Representation of a Fraction****Equivalent Fractions****Properties of Equivalent Fractions****Finding Equivalent Fractions****Reducing the Equivalent Fractions****Verification of Equivalent Fractions****Finding a Fraction of a Whole Number****Like and Unlike Fractions****Comparison of Like Fractions****Comparison of Fractions having the same Numerator****Comparison of Unlike Fractions****Fractions in Ascending Order****Fractions in Descending Order****Types of Fractions****Changing Fractions****Conversion of Fractions into Fractions having Same Denominator****Conversion of a Fraction into its Smallest and Simplest Form****Addition of Fractions having the Same Denominator****Addition of Unlike Fractions****Addition of Mixed Fractions****Word Problems on Addition of Mixed Fractions****Worksheet on Word Problems on Addition of Mixed Fractions****Subtraction of Fractions having the Same Denominator****Subtraction of Unlike Fractions****Subtraction of Mixed Fractions****Word Problems on Subtraction of Mixed Fractions****Worksheet on Word Problems on subtraction of Mixed Fractions****Addition and Subtraction of Fractions on the Fraction Number Line****Word Problems on Multiplication of Mixed Fractions****Worksheet on Word Problems on Multiplication of Mixed Fractions****Multiplying Fractions****Dividing Fractions****Word Problems on Division of Mixed Fractions****Worksheet on Word Problems on Division of Mixed Fractions**

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