Comparison of Like Fractions

Any two like fractions can be compared by comparing their numerators. The fraction with larger numerator is greater than the fraction with smaller numerator, for example \(\frac{7}{13}\) > \(\frac{2}{13}\) because 7 > 2.

In comparison of like fractions here are some rectangular figures.

(i)

Comparison of Like Fractions

In (i) shaded portion represents 2/7

(ii) 

Comparison of Like Fractions

In (ii) shaded portion represents 3/7


(iii)

Comparison of Like Fractions

In (iii) shaded portion represents 5/7

It is clear that 2/7 < 3/7 < 5/7

or 5/7 > 3/7 > 2/7


Thus, in like fractions or fractions having same denominator, that fraction is greater which has the greater numerator.

Accordingly, 3/5 > 2/5; 2/5 < 3/5

15/17 > 10/17; 10/17 < 15/17

Comparison of Like Fractions

If there are three or more like fractions, they may be arranged in ascending (increasing) and descending (decreasing) order. The order will be according to the order of the numerators.

(a) Ascending order: 1/9, 2/9, 3/9, 4/9, 5/9, 7/9, 8/9:

as, 1 < 2 < 3 < 4 < 5 < 7 < 8


(b) Descending order: 8/9, 7/9, 5/9, 4/9, 3/9, 2/9, 1/9:

as, 8 > 7 > 5 > 4 > 3 > 2 > 1

Similarly again;


(a) Ascending order: 5/17, 7/17, 8/17, 11/17, 13/17, 14/17, 16/17:

as, 5 < 7 < 8 < 11 < 13 < 14 < 16

(b) Descending order: 16/17, 14/17, 13/17, 11/17, 8/17, 7/17, 5/17:

as, 16 > 14 > 13 > 11 > 8 > 7 > 5


Questions and Answers on Comparison of Like Fractions:

1. Compare the given fractions and put the right sign <,> or =.

(i) \(\frac{7}{4}\) …… \(\frac{11}{4}\)

(ii) \(\frac{8}{13}\) …… \(\frac{2}{13}\)

(iii) \(\frac{5}{24}\) …… \(\frac{7}{24}\)


Answers:

1. (i) <

(ii) >

(iii) <

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