Properties of Equivalent Fractions

The properties of equivalent fractions are discussed here step-by-step.


1. If the numerator and denominator of a fraction is multiplied by the same number, except zero, the value of the fraction remains the same and an equivalent fraction is obtained. 

As:

(i) 2/3 = 2 x 2/3 x 2 = 4/6; 2 x 3/3 x 3 = 6/9; 2 x 4/3 x 4 = 8/12;

2 x 5/3 x 5 = 10/15

So, 2/3, 4/6, 6/9, 8/12, 10/15, etc., are equivalent fractions.


(ii) 5/6 = 5 x 3/6 x 3 = 15/18; 5 x 7/6 x 7 = 35/42; 5 x 4/6 x 4 = 20/24;

5 x 9/6 x 9 = 45/54

So, 5/6, 15/18, 35/42, 20/24, 45/54, etc., are equivalent fractions.

2. If the numerator and denominator of a fraction is divided by the same number, except zero, the value of the fraction remains the same and an equivalent fraction is obtained. 

(i) 60/90 = 60 ÷ 10/90 ÷ 10 = 6/9; 60 ÷ 2/90 ÷ 2 = 30/45;

60 ÷ 3/90 ÷ 3 = 20/30, 60 ÷ 5/90 ÷ 5 = 12/18

So, 60/90, 6/9, 30/45, 20/30, 2/3 etc., are equivalent fractions.

32/72 = 32 ÷ 2/72 ÷ 2 = 16/36, 32 ÷ 4/72 ÷ 4 = 8/18, 32 ÷ 8/72 ÷ 8 = 4/9

So, 32/72, 16/36, 8/18, 4/9 are equivalent fractions.



3. In case of two equivalent fractions, the product of the numerator of one fraction and denominator of the second fraction is equal to the product of the denominator of the first fraction and numerator of the second fraction.

Accordingly, the two fractions are equivalent if:

numerator of the first fraction × denominator of the second fraction = denominator of the first fraction × numerator of the second fraction

As:

1/3 = 2/6

5/7 = 15/21

So, 1 x 6 = 3 x 2 = 6

So, 5 x 21 = 7 x 15 = 105


4. A fraction may be reduced to its lowest term. If a factor or factors is / are common to numerator and denominator of a fraction, then the common factor or factors may be removed to get it in its lowest term.

If there is a fraction 12/18 and we have to reduce it to its lowest term,

Since, 12 = 2 x 2 x 3 and 18 = 2 x 3 x 3, thus, 2 x 3 = 6 is a common factor in numerator and denominator of 12/18

So, 12 ÷ 6/18 ÷ 6 = 2/3

By dividing both 12 and 18 by 6, we get the fraction 2/3 as the lowest of 12/18.


These are the properties of equivalent fractions explained along with the examples.

Related Concept

Fraction of a Whole Numbers

Representation of a Fraction

Equivalent Fractions

Properties of Equivalent Fractions

Like and Unlike Fractions

Comparison of Like Fractions

Comparison of Fractions having the same Numerator

Types of Fractions

Changing Fractions

Conversion of Fractions into Fractions having Same Denominator

Conversion of a Fraction into its Smallest and Simplest Form

Addition of Fractions having the Same Denominator

Subtraction of Fractions having the Same Denominator

Addition and Subtraction of Fractions on the Fraction Number Line







4th Grade Math Activities

From Properties of Equivalent Fractions to HOME PAGE




Didn't find what you were looking for? Or want to know more information about Math Only Math. Use this Google Search to find what you need.



Share this page: What’s this?

Recent Articles

  1. Months of the Year | List of 12 Months of the Year |Jan, Feb, Mar, Apr

    Apr 20, 24 05:39 PM

    Months of the Year
    There are 12 months in a year. The months are January, February, march, April, May, June, July, August, September, October, November and December. The year begins with the January month. December is t…

    Read More

  2. What are Parallel Lines in Geometry? | Two Parallel Lines | Examples

    Apr 20, 24 05:29 PM

    Examples of Parallel Lines
    In parallel lines when two lines do not intersect each other at any point even if they are extended to infinity. What are parallel lines in geometry? Two lines which do not intersect each other

    Read More

  3. Perpendicular Lines | What are Perpendicular Lines in Geometry?|Symbol

    Apr 19, 24 04:01 PM

    Perpendicular Lines
    In perpendicular lines when two intersecting lines a and b are said to be perpendicular to each other if one of the angles formed by them is a right angle. In other words, Set Square Set Square If two…

    Read More

  4. Fundamental Geometrical Concepts | Point | Line | Properties of Lines

    Apr 19, 24 01:50 PM

    Point P
    The fundamental geometrical concepts depend on three basic concepts — point, line and plane. The terms cannot be precisely defined. However, the meanings of these terms are explained through examples.

    Read More

  5. What is a Polygon? | Simple Closed Curve | Triangle | Quadrilateral

    Apr 19, 24 01:22 PM

    Square - Polygon
    What is a polygon? A simple closed curve made of three or more line-segments is called a polygon. A polygon has at least three line-segments.

    Read More