Fraction of a whole numbers are explained here with 4 following examples.

**(i)**

*There are three shapes:*

(a) **circle-shape**

(b) **rectangle-shape** and

(c) **square-shape**

Each
one is divided into 4 equal parts. One part is shaded, i.e., one-fourth
of the shape is shaded and three parts of the shape is unshaded.

We say that, 1/4 of the shape is shaded and 3/4 of the shape is unshaded.

This 1/4 or 3/4 is a **fraction** or a **fractional number**.

1/4 = Out of 4 equal parts of a whole, one part is taken.

3/4 = Out of 4 equal parts of a whole, 3 parts are taken.

**(ii)** The rectangular shape is divided into 5 equal parts. 2
parts of this rectangle are shaded. The total parts of a whole are 5. Each equal part of the whole shape is 1/5. Two equal parts (shaded part) of the whole is 2/5. Three equal parts (unshaded parts) of the whole is 3/5.

2/5 means 2 parts out of 5 equal parts. We read it two-fifths or two by five.

**(iii)** There is a collection of 7 glasses, of which 4 glasses are colorful.

Thus, 4/7 part of the collection of 7 glasses are coloured.

**(iv)** There are 12 hearts in a collection. 5 hearts are in shaded parts.

5 out of 12 hearts are in shaded portion and the rest 7 out of 12 hearts are in unshaded portion.

*They represent 5/12 and 7/12 as fractions.*

**Related Concept**

● Representation of a Fraction

● Properties of Equivalent Fractions

● Comparison of Like Fractions

● Comparison of Fractions having the same Numerator

● Conversion of Fractions into Fractions having Same Denominator

● Conversion of a Fraction into its Smallest and Simplest Form

● Addition of Fractions having the Same Denominator

● Subtraction of Fractions having the Same Denominator

● Addition and Subtraction of Fractions on the Fraction Number Line

**4th Grade Math Activities**

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