Cuboid is a solid box whose every surface is a rectangle of same area or different areas.

A cuboid will have a length, breadth and height.

Hence we can conclude that volume is 3 dimensional. To measure the volumes we need to know the measure 3 sides.

Since volume involves 3 sides it is measured in cubic units.

Volume of a cuboid = (length × breadth × height) cubic units.

= (l × b × h) cubic units.

(Since area = ℓ × b)

Volume of a cuboid = area of one surface × height cubic units

**Let us look at the given cuboid.**

The length of the cuboid = 5 cm

The breadth of the cuboid = 3 cm

The height of cuboid (thickness) = 2 cm

The number of 1 cm cubes in the given cuboid = 30 cubes = 5 × 3 × 2

We find that volume of the given cuboid with length 5 cm, breadth 3 cm and height 2 cm is 30 cu cm.

Therefore, volume of a cuboid = length × breadth × height

Solved examples on volume of a cuboid:

**1. **Find the volume of a cuboid of dimensions 14 cm × 12 cm × 8 cm.

**Solution:**

Volume of cuboid = length × breadth × height.

Here, length = 14 cm, breadth = 12 cm and height = 8 cm.

Volume of cuboid = 14 × 12 × 8 cubic cm.

= 1344 cubic cm.

Therefore, volume of cuboid = 1344 cubic cm.

**2.** Michael made a shoe box with length 8 cm, breadth 6 cm and height 6 cm. Find the volume of the box.

**Solution:**

Volume of the shoe box = Length × breadth × height.

= 8 × 6 × 6

= 288 cu cm.

**3. **A fish tank is 40 cm long, 15 cm broad and 10 cm high. What is its volume in cu cm?

**Solution:**

The length of the fish tank = 40 cm

The breadth of the fish tank = 15 cm

The height of the fish tank = 10 cm

Therefore, the volume of the fish tank = length × breadth × height.

= 40 × 15 × 10 cu. cm

= 6000 cu cm.

**4. **Find the volume of a cuboid of dimensions 14 cm × 50 mm × 10 cm.

**Solution:**

Here, length = 14 cm,

[Given,
breadth = 50 mm; we need to convert breadth to same unit and then
solve. We know, 10 mm = 1 cm. Therefore, 50 mm = 50/10 cm = 5 cm].

Breadth = 5 cm,

Height = 10 cm.

Volume of cuboid = length × breadth × height.

= 14 × 5 × 10

= 700 cubic cm.

Therefore, volume of cuboid = 700 cubic cm.

**Note: **In a cuboid, when the length, breadth and height are of different units, convert them to a same unit and then solve.

**5. **Find the volume of a cuboid of dimensions 17 mm × 0.2 cm × 12 mm in cu. cm.

**Solution:**

Given, length = 17 mm.

We know, 10 mm = 1 cm.

= 17/10 cm.

= 1.7 cm.

Therefore, length = 1.7 cm.

Similarly, height = 12 mm.

We know, 10 mm = 1 cm.

= 12/10 cm.

= 1.2 cm.

Therefore, height = 1.2 cm.

Volume of cuboid = length × breadth × height.

Length = 1.7 cm, breadth = 0.2 cm and height = 1.2 cm.

= 1.7 × 0.2 × 1.2 cu. cm.

= 0.408 cu. cm.

Therefore, volume of cuboid = 0.408 cubic cm.

**6. **Find the number of cubical boxes of cubical side 3 cm which can be accommodated in carton of dimensions 15 cm × 9 cm × 12 cm.

**Solution:**

Volume of box = side × side × side.

= 3 × 3 × 3

= 27 cu. cm.

Volume of carton = length × breadth × height.

= 15 × 9 × 12

= 1620 cu. cm.

Number of boxes = Volume of carton/Volume of each box.

= 1620/27

= 60

Therefore, number of cubical boxes = 60.

**7. **How many bricks each 25 cm long, 10 cm wide and 7.5 cm thick
will be required for a wall 20 m long, 2 m high and 0.75 m thick? If bricks
sell at $900 per thousand what will it cost to build the wall?

**Solution:**

Volume of the wall = 20 m × 2 m × 0.75 m

= 20 × 100 cm × 2 × 100 cm × 0.75 × 100 cm

Volume of brick = 25 cm × 10 cm × 7.5 cm

Number of bricks = Volume of the wall/Volume of the brick

= 20 × 100 × 2 × 100 × 0.75 × 100/25 × 10 × 7.5

= 16000

The number of bricks = 16000

The cost of 1 thousand bricks = $ 900

The cost of building the wall = $ 900 × 16 = $ 14400

**Note: **While calculating the volume of a cuboid all the
dimensions should be changed into the same unit.

Questions and Answers on Cuboid:

**1. Find the volume of each of the cuboids.**

(i) Length = 5 cm, Breadth = 4 cm and Height = 3 cm

(ii) Length = 15 m, Breadth = 10 m and Height = 2 m

(iii) Length = 0.5 m, Breadth = 3 m and Height = 4 m

(iv) Length = 3.2 cm, Breadth = 2 cm and Height = 8 cm

(v) Length = 5 m, Breadth = 1.5 m and Height = 1.2 m

**Answers:**

**1.** (i) 60 cu cm

(ii) 300 cu m

(iii) 6 cu m

(iv) 51.2 cu cm

(v) 9 cu m

**2.** **Find the volume of these tanks.**

(i) Length = 16 cm, Breadth = 60 cm and Height = 20 cm

(ii) Length = 6 m, Breadth = 3 m and Height = 5 m

(iii) Length = 2 m, Breadth = 1.5 m and Height = 1.5 m

(iv) Length = 80 cm, Breadth = 20 cm and Height = 40 cm

(v) Length = 1.2 m, Breadth = 1.2 m and Height = 1 m

**Answers:**

**2.** (i) 19200 cu cm

(ii) 90 cu m

(iii) 4.5 cu m

(iv) 64,000 cu cm

(v) 1.44 cu m

**● ****Volume.**

**5th Grade Geometry**

**5th Grade Math Problems**

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