We will discuss here about the identification of the parts of a fraction. We know fraction means part of something. Fraction tells us, into how many parts a whole has been divided and the part which is considered out of the whole.
We also know that the numbers 0, 1, 2, 3, ........... are called whole numbers and the numbers ½, 1/3, ¼, 1/5, 1/6, ........... are called fractional numbers.
Each of the fractional number has two numbers separated by a ‘‘ (dash) called the bar which means divided.
The number above the bar is called the numerator. It tells us as to how many parts have been considered out of the total equally divided parts.
The number below the bar is called the denominator. It describes us as in how many parts a whole has been divided.
This rectangle which is considered as a whole.
It is divided into 8 parts. This 8 represents the
denominator of a fraction.
Three parts are shaded. This 3 represents the numerator.
So, the fraction of the shaded part is 3/8.
Also in this figure, 5 parts are not shaded.
Therefore, fraction of the unshaded parts is 5/8. Here 5 is the numerator and 8 is the denominator in the fraction.
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