The terms used in division are dividend, divisor, quotient and remainder.

Division is repeated subtraction. **For example:**

24 ÷ 6

How many times would you subtract 6 from 24 to reach 0?

24 - 6 = 18 one time

18 - 6 = 12 two times

12 - 6 = 6 three times

6 - 6 = 0 four times*For every multiplication fact, there are two division facts. *

**For example:**

(i) 5 × 7 = 35

35 ÷ 5 = 7; 35 ÷ 7 = 5

(ii) 8 × 6 = 48

48 ÷ 8 = 6; 48 ÷ 6 = 8

(iii) 9 × 5 = 45 is the same as 45 ÷ 9 = 5

7 × 9 = 63 is the same as 63 ÷ 7 = 9

Each of the terms used in division are explained below:

The number which is divided is called the **dividend**.

The number which divides is called the **divisor**.

The number which is the result of the division is called the **quotient**.

If there is any number left over, it is called the **remainder**.*The answer of a division operation can be verified in the following manner:*

**Quotient × Divisor + Remainder = Dividend**

Consider the following examples to understand the terms showing in the division:**(i)** 54 divided by 6

**Dividend = Divisor × Quotient + Remainder**

54 = 6 × 9 + 0

**(ii)** 81 divided by 9

**Dividend = Divisor × Quotient + Remainder**

81 = 9 × 9 + 0

**Related Concept**

● Addition

● Check for Subtraction and Addition

● Word Problems Involving Addition and Subtraction

● Estimating Sums and Differences

● Multiply a Number by a 2-Digit Number

● Multiplication of a Number by a 3-Digit Number

● Word Problems on Multiplication

● Division of Two-Digit by a One-Digit Numbers

● Division of Four-Digit by a One-Digit Numbers

● Division by 10 and 100 and 1000

● Division by Two-Digit Numbers

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