# Terms Used in Division

The terms used in division are dividend, divisor, quotient and remainder.

Division is repeated subtraction.

For example:

24 ÷ 6

How many times would you subtract 6 from 24 to reach 0?

24 - 6 = 18 one time

18 - 6 = 12 two times

12 - 6 = 6 three times

6 - 6 = 0 four times

For every multiplication fact, there are two division facts.

For example:

(i) 5 × 7 = 35

35 ÷ 5 = 7; 35 ÷ 7 = 5

(ii) 8 × 6 = 48

48 ÷ 8 = 6; 48 ÷ 6 = 8

(iii) 9 × 5 = 45 is the same as 45 ÷ 9 = 5

7 × 9 = 63 is the same as 63 ÷ 7 = 9

Each of the terms used in division are explained below:

The number which is divided is called the dividend.

The number which divides is called the divisor.

The number which is the result of the division is called the quotient.

If there is any number left over, it is called the remainder.

The answer of a division operation can be verified in the following manner:

Quotient × Divisor + Remainder = Dividend

Consider the following examples to understand the terms showing in the division:

(i) 54 divided by 6 Dividend = Divisor × Quotient + Remainder

54 = 6 × 9 + 0

(ii) 81 divided by 9 Dividend = Divisor × Quotient + Remainder

81 = 9 × 9 + 0

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