Long Division

As we know that the division is to distribute a given value or quantity into groups having equal values. In long division, values at the individual place (Thousands, Hundreds, Tens, Ones) are dividend one at a time starting with the highest place.


Long Division of 2 Digit Number by 1 Digit Number:

Division can be shown in two ways. e.g. Short form and Long form.

Short forms of division -

Long forms of division -

Short Forms of Division
Long Forms of Division

LONG DIVISION METHOD

Division fact 24 ÷ 8 = 3 can also be written as

Long Division 24 Divided by 8

This is called long form of division.

Some more examples of writing division facts in long form are given below:

Long Division and Short Division Forms

Terms Related to Long Division Method

There are mainly three terms related to long division method.These are divisor, dividend and quotient.

For example, 32 ÷ 4 = 8 is written in long form as:

Terms Related to Long Division

Dividend = Divisor x Quotient


This equation can be used to check whether we have carried out division correctly or not.

For example, in the above example:

Dividend = 4 × 8 = 32.

Hence, the division is correct.


A. Long Division by One-Digit Divisor

1. Divide 27 by 9

Solution:

Let us divide.

Step I: Write 27 inside the bracket and 9 on the left side of the bracket.

Step II: Start division from left to right, that is, divide 2 by 9. Since, we cannot divide 2 by 9 so, we will divide 27 by 9.

Step III: Recall the table of 9.

9 × 3 = 27

Now, write 3 in the quotient and subtract 27 from 27. The result is 0.

Thus, 27 ÷ 9 = 3

3rd Grade Long Division


2. Divide 92 by 4

Solution:

Let us divide.

Step I: Write 92 inside the bracket and 4 on the left side of the bracket.

Step II: Start division from left to right, that is, divide 9 tens by 4.

4 × 2 = 8

4 × 3 = 12

12 tens is bigger than 9 tens, so we take 4 × 2 = 8 tens.

Step III: Write 2 in the quotient.

Step IV: Subtract 8 from 9 and get 1 as remainder.

Step V: Bring down 2 from ones place and write it to the right of 1.

12 is the new dividend.

Step VI: Write 3 in the quotient and subtract 12 from 12. The result is 0.

Thus, 92÷4 = 23

3rd Grade Long Division Math


3. Divide 36 by 3.

Long Division

× 1 = 3

Write 1 as a quotient 

write 3 under 3 and subtract

Long Division


Bring down 6 ones.

Now divide 6 by 3

× 2 = 6

Write 2 as a quotient and

write 6 under the new dividend and subtract

Now, 36 divided by 3 is 12.


4. Divide 30 by 5.

Long Division


Read the table of 5

We find 5 × 6 = 30

Now we know 5 is divisor 6 is

quotient and  30 is dividend. 


Notes:

I. Divide the Tens.

II. Then, divide the Ones.


B. Long Division of 3-Digit Number by One-Digit Number:


1. Divide 324 by 2.


First Divide the Hundreds

Long Division - Dividing Hundreds

Dividing Hundreds

Divide 6 H by 2 = 3H

write 3 in place of quotient and 6 under 6 and

subtract 6 - 6=0 


Then, Divide the Tens.

Long Division - Dividing Tens

Dividing Tens

Now, bring down 4 T.

Divide 4 T by 2 = 2T

write 2 in tens place of the quotient and 4 under 4

then subtract 4 - 4 = 0


Finally, Divide the Ones.

Long Division - Dividing Ones

Dividing Ones

Bring down 8 Ones.

Divide 8 ones by 2 = 4 ones

write 4 in the ones place of the quotient.

write 8 under 8 and subtract

8 - 8 = 0


D. Long Division of 4-Digits Number by 1-Digit Number:

To divide 4-Digit numbers follow these steps -

(i) Divide the Thousands.

(ii) Divide the Hundreds.

(iii) Divide the Tens.

(iv) Divide the Ones.


1. Divide 3693 by 3.

Long Division 4-Digit by 1-Digit Numbers

Step I: Dividing Thousands

Divide 3 Th by 3 = 1Th

write 1 in place of quotient and 3 under 3 and

subtract 3 - 3 =0 

Step II: Dividing Hundreds

Bring down 6 H.

Divide 6 H by 3 = 2H

write 2 in place of quotient and 6 under 6 and

subtract 6 - 6=0 

Step III: Dividing Tens

Now, bring down 9 T.

Divide 9 T by 3 = 3T

write 3 in tens place of the quotient and 9 under 9

then subtract 9 - 9 = 0

Step IV: Dividing Ones

Bring down 3 Ones.

Divide 3 ones by 3 = 1 ones

write 1 in the ones place of the quotient.

write 3 under 3 and subtract

3 - 3 = 0


2. Divide 6428 by 2.

Long Division 4-Digit by 1-Digit Numbers

Step I: Dividing Thousands

Divide 6 Th by 2 = 3Th

write 3 in place of quotient and 6 under 6 and

subtract 6 - 6 =0 

Step II: Dividing Hundreds

Bring down 4 H.

Divide 4 H by 2 = 2H

write 2 in place of quotient and 4 under 4 and

subtract 4 - 4=0 

Step III: Dividing Tens

Now, bring down 2 T.

Divide 2 T by 2 = 1T

write 1 in tens place of the quotient and 2 under 2

then subtract 2 - 2 = 0

Step IV: Dividing Ones

Bring down 8 Ones.

Divide 8 ones by 2 = 4 ones

write 4 in the ones place of the quotient.

write 8 under 8 and subtract

8 - 8 = 0


Long Division with Remainder:

1. Divide 49 by 4.

Long Division - Division with Remainder

T: 4 ÷ 4 = 1.

Quotient = 1


O: 9 ÷ 4= ?

4 × 2 = 8 (nearest number)

9 - 8 = 1

So, Quotient = 2

   Remainder = 1

Divisor - 4, Quotient - 12, Remainder - 1.


2. Find the quotient and remainder of 649 ÷ 9.

Solution:

Step I: We start dividing the hundreds first. Since 6 hundreds cannot be divided into 9 groups of hundreds, the quotient at hundreds column is zero.

Step II: 6 Hundreds are now changed into 60 tens and added to 4 tens, making 64 tens.

Step III: 64 tens give 9 groups of 7 tens each and 1 ten is left over.

Step IV: 1 ten give 10 ones, 10 ones + 9 ones = 19 ones

Step V: 19 ones can be put into 2 groups of 9 and 1 one is left over.

Long Division

q = 72; r = 1


3. Divide 697 by 3.

Long Division - Division with Remainder

H: 6 ÷ 3 = 2.

T: 9 ÷ 3 = 3.

O: 7 ÷ 3 = ?

     3 × 2 = 6 (nearest number)

     7 - 6 = 1

So, in O Quotient = 2

         Remainder = 1

Divisor - 3, Quotient - 232, Remainder 1.


4. Divide 8643 by 2.

Long Division - Division with Remainder

Th: 8 ÷ 2 = 4

H: 6 ÷ 2 = 3

T: 4 ÷ 2 = 2

O: 3 ÷ 2 = ?

     2 × 1 = 2

     3 - 2 = 1

So. in O Quotient = 2

         Remainder = 1

Divisor - 2, Quotient - 4321, Remainder 1.


5. Divide 6609 by 6.

Long Division - Division with Remainder

Th: 6 ÷ 6 = 1

H: 6 ÷ 6 = 1

T: 0 ÷ 6 = 0

O: 9 ÷ 6 = ?

     6 × 1 = 6

     9 - 6 = 3

So, in Quotient = 1

      Remainder = 3

Divisor - 6, Quotient - 1101, Remainder 3.


E. Long Division with Regrouping: 

1. Divide 96 by 4.

Long Division - Division with Regrouping

Step I: Dividing Tens

Divide 9 ÷ 4 = ?

4 × 2 = 8           8 < 9

4 × 3 = 12       12 > 9

we use 4 × 2 = 8.

write 2 in tens place of the quotient and 8 below 9 then subtract 9 - 8 = 1

Long Division - Division with Regrouping

Step II: Dividing Ones

Bring down 6 Ones,

we have 16 ones 1 ten+ 6 ones. Divide 16 ones ÷ 4

4 × 4 = 16

write 4 in ones place of the quotient and 16 below 16

Now, 16 - 16 = 0


2. Divide 736 by 3.

Long Division - Division with Regrouping

H: 7 ÷ 3 = ?.   So, 3 × 2 =6

Q: 2;   R: 7 - 6 = 1 or 1 hundreds

Regroup - 1 hundreds and 3 tens = 13 tens


T: 13 + 3 = ?. So, 3 × 4 = 12

Q: 4;    R: 13 - 12 = 1 or 1 tens

Regroup - 1 tens and 5 ones = 15 ones


O: 16 ÷ 3 = ?.   So, 3 × 5 = 15

Q: 5;   R: 16 - 15 = 1

Remainder - 1

Here 3 is divisor, 736 is dividend, 245 is quotient and 1 is remainder.


3. Divide 3373 by 4.

Long Division - Division with Regrouping

Th: 3 < 4 so 3 + 4 is not possible.

Regroup - 3 thousands and 3 hundreds = 33 hundreds

H:33 ÷ 4 = ?

Q: 8;      R: 33 - 32 = 1 Remainder - 1 hundreds

Regroup - 1 hundreds and 7 tens = 17 tens

T: 17 ÷ 4 = 4

Q: 4     R: 17 - 16 = 1    Remainder - 1 tens

Regroup - 1 tens and 3 ones = 13 ones

O:13 ÷ 4 = 3

Q: 3     R: 13 - 12 = 1    Remainder - 1

Here 4 is divisor, 3373 is dividend, 845 is quotient and 1 is remainder. 


Keep in Mind

  • First, divide the Thousands.
  • Then, divide the Hundreds. Then, divide the Tens.
  • Finally, divide the Ones.


Long Division by Two-Digit Divisors

1. Divide 2698 by 21.

Solution:

Recall the process of long division.

Step I: 2 thousands cannot be divided into 21 groups of thousand. So, 0 is placed as quotient in the thousands column.

Step II: 2 thousands give 20 hundreds.

20 hundreds + 6 hundreds give 26 hundreds. 26 hundreds make 1 group of 21 hundreds. 5 hundreds are left.

Step III: 5 hundreds give 50 tens.

Long Division by Two-Digit Divisors

q = 128; r = 10

So, 50 tens + 9 tens = 59 tens

59 tens are to be divided into 21 groups of tens

59 tens ÷ 21 makes 2 groups with 17 tens left.

2 is placed in the quotient in the tens column.

Step IV: 17 tens = 170 ones

170 ones + 8 ones = 178 ones

178 ones ÷ 21 makes 8 groups with 10 ones left.

Thus, in division of 2,698 by 21, we get 128 as quotient and 10 as remainder.


Word Problems on Long Division:

To solve any word problem, we need to read each word carefully and select numbers carefully from the question to solve it.

1. If 60 cookies to be put in 5 packets, how many cookies will be packed in one packet?

Solution:

Number of cookies = 60 cookies

Equally distributed in 5 packets

Number of cookies in one packet = 60 ÷ 5

Word Problem on Long Division Math

Thus, 12 cookies will be packed in one packet.


2. A bottle of coke costs $ 8. How many bottles of coke can be bought for $ 96?


Solution:

Total cost of bottles purchased = $ 96

Cost of one bottle                   = $   8

Number of bottles purchased   = 96 ÷ 8

                                            = 12

Hence, 12 bottles can be bought for $ 96.

Word Problems on Long Division


Questions and Answers on Long Division:

A. Long Division of 2 Digit Number by 1 Digit Number:

I. Divide and find the quotient:

(i) 85 ÷ 5 = _____

(ii) 54 ÷ 3 = _____

(iii) 63 ÷ 7 = _____

(iv) 60 ÷ 3 = _____

(v) 42 ÷6 = _____

(vi) 32 ÷ 8 = _____

(vii) 88 ÷ 8 = _____

(viii) 69 ÷ 3 = _____

(ix) 48 ÷ 3 = _____

(x) 42 ÷ 6 = _____

(xi) 68 ÷ 4 = _____

(xii) 96 ÷ 6 = _____

(xiii) 86 ÷ 2 = _____

(xiv) 36 ÷ 9 = _____

(xv) 77 ÷ 7 = _____

(xvi) 63 ÷ 3 = _____

(xvii) 22 ÷ 2 = _____

(xviii) 72 ÷ 9 = _____

(xix) 33 ÷ 3 = _____

(xx) 68 ÷ 2 = _____


Answer:

I. (i) 17

(ii) 18

(iii) 9

(iv) 20

(v) 7

(vi) 4

(vii) 11

(viii) 23

(ix) 16

(x) 7

(xi) 17

(xii) 16

(xiii) 43

(xiv) 4

(xv) 11

(xvi) 21

(xvii) 11

(xviii) 8

(xix) 11

(xx) 34


II. Find the quotient:

(i)

3 |\(\overline{2 7}\)

(ii)

 7 |\(\overline{4 2}\)

(iii)

8 |\(\overline{6 4}\)

(iv)

 2 |\(\overline{1 8}\)

(v)

3 |\(\overline{2 1}\)

(vi)

 9 |\(\overline{8 1}\)

(vii)

5 |\(\overline{3 5}\)

(viii)

 6 |\(\overline{4 8}\)

(ix)

4 |\(\overline{3 6}\)

(x)

 7 |\(\overline{6 3}\)

(xi)

3 |\(\overline{9 3}\)

(xii)

 2 |\(\overline{8 2}\)

(xiii)

2 |\(\overline{2 6}\)

(xiv)

 2 |\(\overline{1 0}\)

(xv)

3 |\(\overline{3 0}\)

(xvi)

 7 |\(\overline{4 9}\)

(xvii)

2 |\(\overline{6 4}\)

(xviii)

 8 |\(\overline{7 2}\)

(xix)

7 |\(\overline{7 7}\)

(xx)

 8 |\(\overline{4 8}\)


Answer:

II. (i) 9

(ii) 6

(iii) 8

(iv) 9

(v) 7

(vi) 9

(vii) 7

(viii) 8

(ix) 9

(x) 9 

(xi) 31

(xii) 41

(xiii) 13

(xiv) 5

(xv) 10

(xvi) 7

(xvii) 32

(xviii) 9

(xix) 11

(xx) 6


B. Long Division of 3-Digit Number by 1-Digit Number:

III. Divide and find the quotients -

(i) 246 ÷ 2 = _____

(ii) 666 ÷ 6 = _____

(iii) 339 ÷ 3 = _____

(iv) 936 ÷ 3 = _____

(v) 648 ÷ 2 = _____

(vi) 222 ÷ 2 = _____

(vii) 242 ÷ 2 = _____

(viii) 777 ÷ 7 = _____

(ix) 480 ÷ 2 = _____

(x) 420 ÷ 2 = _____

(xi) 848 ÷ 2 = _____

(xii) 399 ÷ 3 = _____

(xiii) 448 ÷ 4 = _____

(xiv) 224 ÷ 2 = _____

(xv) 960 ÷ 3 = _____

(xvi) 848 ÷ 4 = _____

(xvii) 402 ÷ 2 = _____

(xviii) 636 ÷ 3 = _____

(xix) 939 ÷ 3 = _____

(xx) 444 ÷ 4 = _____


Answer:

III. (i) 123

(ii) 111

(iii) 113

(iv) 312

(v) 324

(vi) 111

(vii) 121

(viii) 111

(ix) 240

(x) 210

(xi) 424

(xii) 133

(xiii) 112

(xiv) 112

(xv) 320

(xvi) 212

(xvii) 201

(xviii) 212

(xix) 313

(xx) 111


IV. Find the quotient:

(i)

4 |\(\overline{804}\)

(ii)

 3 |\(\overline{363}\)

(iii)

4 |\(\overline{408}\)

(iv)

 2 |\(\overline{826}\)

(v)

2 |\(\overline{604}\)

(vi)

 3 |\(\overline{336}\)

(vii)

8 |\(\overline{888}\)

(viii)

 4 |\(\overline{484}\)

(ix)

3 |\(\overline{993}\)

(x)

 4 |\(\overline{884}\)

(xi)

5 |\(\overline{555}\)

(xii)

 2 |\(\overline{484}\)

(xiii)

3 |\(\overline{366}\)

(xiv)

 2 |\(\overline{442}\)

(xv)

2 |\(\overline{882}\)

(xvi)

 3 |\(\overline{663}\)

(xvii)

2 |\(\overline{866}\)

(xviii)

 9 |\(\overline{999}\)

(xix)

2 |\(\overline{224}\)

(xx)

 3 |\(\overline{333}\)

Answer:

IV. (i) 201

(ii) 121

(iii) 102

(iv) 413

(v) 302

(vi) 112

(vii) 111

(viii) 121

(ix) 331

(x) 221

(xi) 111

(xii) 242

(xiii) 122

(xiv) 221

(xv) 441

(xvi) 221

(xvii) 433

(xviii) 111

(xix) 112

(xx) 111


C. Long Division of 4-Digit Number by 1-Digit Number:

V. Divide and find the quotients -

(i) 7777 ÷ 7 = _____

(ii) 4884 ÷ 2 = _____

(iii) 6699 ÷ 3 = _____ 

(iv) 9999 ÷ 3 = _____

(v) 6666 ÷ 2 = _____

(vi) 9969 ÷ 3 = _____

(vii) 4002 ÷ 2 = _____

(viii) 2468 ÷ 2 = _____

(ix) 4884 ÷ 4 = _____

(x) 6844 ÷ 2 = _____

(xi) 2244 ÷ 2 = _____

(xii) 6969 ÷ 3 = _____

(xiii) 8844 ÷ 2 = _____

(xiv) 8084 ÷ 4 = _____

(xv) 6060 ÷ 3 = _____

(xvi) 4444 ÷ 2 = _____

(xvii) 6448 ÷ 2 = _____

(xviii) 9060 ÷ 3 = _____

(xix) 4488 ÷ = _____

(xx) 6666 ÷ 3 = _____

(xxi) 8888 ÷ 4 = _____

(xxii) 8888 ÷ 2  = _____ 

(xxiii) 9966 ÷ 3 = _____

(xxiv) 4488 ÷ 4 = _____


Answer:

V. (i) 1111

(ii) 2442

(iii) 2233

(iv) 3333

(v) 3333

(vi) 3323

(vii) 2001

(viii) 1234

(ix) 1221

(x) 3422

(xi) 1122

(xii) 2323

(xiii) 4422

(xiv) 2021

(xv) 2020

(xvi) 2222

(xvii) 3224

(xviii) 3020

(xix) 2244

(xx) 2222

(xxi) 2222

(xxii) 4444

(xxiii) 3322

(xxiv) 1122


VI. Find the Quotient:

(i)

2 |\(\overline{2424}\)

(ii)

3 |\(\overline{3939}\)

(iii)

4 |\(\overline{8484}\)

(iv)

2 |\(\overline{4242}\)

(v)

5 |\(\overline{5505}\)

(vi)

8 |\(\overline{4848}\)

(vii)

7 |\(\overline{4956}\)

(viii)

9 |\(\overline{8136}\)

(ix)

2 |\(\overline{2826}\)

(x)

3 |\(\overline{3639}\)

(xi)

2 |\(\overline{8448}\)

(xii)

3 |\(\overline{3036}\)

(xiii)

2 |\(\overline{8468}\)

(xiv)

4 |\(\overline{8448}\)

(xv)

3 |\(\overline{3363}\)

(xvi)

6 |\(\overline{6636}\)


Answer:

VI. (i) 1212

(ii) 1313

(iii) 2121

(iv) 2121

(v) 1101

(vi) 606

(vii) 708

(viii) 904

(ix) 1413

(x) 1213

(xi) 4224

(xii) 1012

(xiii) 4234

(xiv) 2112

(xv) 1121

(xvi) 1106


D. Long Division with Remainder:

VII. Divide and find the quotients and remainders -

(i) 96 ÷ 3 = _____

(ii) 89 ÷ 4 = _____

(iii) 45 ÷ 4 = _____

(iv) 65 ÷ 2 = _____

(v) 37 ÷ 3 = _____

(vi) 63 ÷ 2 = _____

(vii) 27 ÷ 4 = _____

(viii) 95 ÷ 3 = _____

(ix) 849 ÷ 4 = _____

(x) 807 ÷ 4 = _____

(xi) 847 ÷ 4 = _____

(xii) 638 ÷ 3 = _____

(xiii) 4849 ÷ 2 = _____

(xiv) 2427 ÷ 2 = _____

(xv) 9634 ÷ 3 = _____

(xvi) 4846 ÷ 4 = _____

(xvii) 8485 ÷ 4 = _____

(xviii) 6937 ÷ 3 = _____

(xix) 5556 ÷ 5 = _____

(xx) 9695 ÷ 3 = _____


Answer:

VII. (i) Quotient: 32; Remainder: 0

(ii) Quotient: 22; Remainder: 1

(iii) Quotient: 11; Remainder: 1

(iv) Quotient: 32; Remainder: 1

(v) Quotient: 12; Remainder: 1

(vi) Quotient: 31; Remainder: 1

(vii) Quotient: 6; Remainder: 3

(viii) Quotient: 31; Remainder: 2

(ix) Quotient: 212; Remainder: 1

(x) Quotient: 201; Remainder: 3

(xi) Quotient: 211; Remainder: 3

(xii) Quotient: 212; Remainder: 2

(xiii) Quotient: 2424; Remainder: 1

(xiv) Quotient: 1213; Remainder: 1

(xv) Quotient: 3211; Remainder: 1

(xvi) Quotient: 1211; Remainder: 2

(xvii) Quotient: 2121; Remainder: 1

(xviii) Quotient: 2312; Remainder: 1

(xix) Quotient: 1111; Remainder: 1

(xx) Quotient: 3231; Remainder: 2


VIII. Find the Quotients and remainders:

(i)

2 |\(\overline{25}\)

(ii)

4 |\(\overline{87}\)

(iii)

6 |\(\overline{669}\)

(iv)

2 |\(\overline{889}\)

(v)

3 |\(\overline{965}\)

(vi)

3 |\(\overline{397}\)

(vii)

4 |\(\overline{849}\)

(viii)

5 |\(\overline{556}\)

(ix)

2 |\(\overline{245}\)

(x)

3 |\(\overline{668}\)

(xi)

2 |\(\overline{667}\)

(xii)

2 |\(\overline{887}\)

(xiii)

3 |\(\overline{6968}\)

(xiv)

2 |\(\overline{4829}\)

(xv)

4 |\(\overline{4889}\)

(xvi)

2 |\(\overline{8267}\)

Answer:

VIII. (i) Quotient: 12; Remainder: 1

(ii) Quotient: 21; Remainder: 3

(iii) Quotient: 111; Remainder: 3

(iv) Quotient: 444; Remainder: 1

(v) Quotient: 321; Remainder: 2

(vi) Quotient: 132; Remainder: 1

(vii) Quotient: 212; Remainder: 1

(viii) Quotient: 111; Remainder: 1

(ix) Quotient: 122; Remainder: 1

(x) Quotient: 222; Remainder: 2

(xi) Quotient: 333; Remainder: 1

(xii) Quotient: 443; Remainder: 1

(xiii) Quotient: 2322; Remainder: 2

(xiv) Quotient: 4214; Remainder: 1

(xv) Quotient: 1222; Remainder: 1

(xvi) Quotient: 4133; Remainder: 1


D. Long Division with Regrouping:

IX. Find the quotients and remainders of these sums -

(i) 84 ÷ 7 = _____

(ii) 96 ÷ 5 = _____

(iii) 99 ÷ 8 = _____

(iv) 81 ÷ 3 = _____

(v) 76 ÷ 4 = _____

(vi) 53 ÷ 2 = _____

(vii) 95 ÷ 4 = _____

(viii) 67 ÷ 5 = _____

(ix) 711 ÷ 9 = _____

(x) 207 ÷ 3 = _____

(xi) 776 ÷ 8 = _____

(xii) 441 ÷ 7 = _____

(xiii) 920 ÷ 8 = _____

(xiv) 607 ÷ 5 = _____

(xv) 534 ÷ 5 = _____

(xvi) 7284 ÷ 3 = _____

(xvii) 2389 ÷ 4 = _____

(xviii) 6700 ÷ 9 = _____

(xix) 8489 ÷ 7 = _____

(xx) 9900 ÷ 8 = _____


Answer:

IX. (i) Quotient: 12; Remainder: 0

(ii) Quotient: 19; Remainder: 1

(iii) Quotient: 12; Remainder: 3

(iv) Quotient: 27; Remainder: 0

(v) Quotient: 19; Remainder: 0

(vi) Quotient: 26; Remainder: 1

(vii) Quotient: 23; Remainder: 3

(viii) Quotient: 13; Remainder: 2

(ix) Quotient: 79; Remainder: 0

(x) Quotient: 69; Remainder: 0

(xi) Quotient: 97; Remainder: 0

(xii) Quotient: 63; Remainder: 0

(xiii) Quotient: 115; Remainder: 0

(xiv) Quotient: 121; Remainder: 2

(xv) Quotient: 106; Remainder: 4

(xvi) Quotient: 2428; Remainder: 0

(xvii) Quotient: 597; Remainder: 1

(xviii) Quotient: 744; Remainder: 4

(xix) Quotient: 1212; Remainder: 5

(xx) Quotient: 1237; Remainder: 4


X. Find the Quotients and remainders:

(i)

3 |\(\overline{57}\)

(ii)

4 |\(\overline{62}\)

(iii)

5 |\(\overline{77}\)

(iv)

4 |\(\overline{68}\)

(v)

7 |\(\overline{85}\)

(vi)

2 |\(\overline{314}\)

(vii)

4 |\(\overline{973}\)

(viii)

5 |\(\overline{630}\)

(ix)

6 |\(\overline{746}\)

(x)

5 |\(\overline{6795}\)

(xi)

7 |\(\overline{9395}\)

(xii)

8 |\(\overline{9985}\)


Answer:

X. (i) Quotient: 19; Remainder: 0

(ii) Quotient: 15; Remainder: 2

(iii) Quotient: 15; Remainder: 2

(iv) Quotient: 17; Remainder: 0

(v) Quotient: 12; Remainder: 1

(vi) Quotient: 157; Remainder: 0

(vii) Quotient: 243; Remainder: 1

(viii) Quotient: 126; Remainder: 0

(ix) Quotient: 124; Remainder: 2

(x) Quotient: 1359; Remainder: 0

(xi) Quotient: 1342; Remainder: 1

(xii) Quotient: 1248; Remainder: 1


XI. Solve the given word problems on long division.

1. Shelly has 75 pencils. She shares them between her 5 friends. How many pencils will each of her friend get?

2. In class III, there are total 70 children. If there are 5 sections in class III, how many children are there in each section?

3. There are 68 birds in a zoo in 4 cages. How many birds are there in each cage?

4. Jack, the clown has 99 balloons which he needs to share between 9 children at the fair. How many balloons does each child get?

5. Nancy has 96 pieces of candy. She has 8 bags. She wants to put the same amount of candies in each bag. How many will she put in each bag?

6. Mike organised 24 chairs in 4 rows for a party. How many chairs are there in each row?

7. You have 60 gum balls that you need to share equally in five containers. How many gum balls will be in each container?

8. There are 96 books on the shelf. If the books are to be shared equally amongst 4 table groups in the class, how many books will be there on each table?

9. Amit walks 4 km. in one hour. How long will he take to cover 48 kilometers?

10. 3 toy-guns cost $ 369. What is the cost of one toy-gun?

11. The rent of a house for 6 months is $ 6666. What is the rent for one month?

12. 68 players were divided equally into 6 teams. How many players were there in each team and how many were left without any team?

13. 609 flowers were divided to make 6 garlands. How many flowers were used in each garland and how many flowers are left now?

14. 441 sheets were divided equally to make 2 books. How many sheets were used for each book and how many sheets were left?

15. 4 pens cost $ 56. What is the cost of one pen?

16. 750 students were divided into 5 equal houses. How many students are there in each house?

17. A housing society, consisting of 4 towers, has 1016 sparking lights for decoration in Diwali. How many lights will be used in each tower?

18. Rohit has 79 marbles with him. He groups them into sets of 5 each. How many sets of marbles did he make and how many marbles are left?

19. A fruit-seller has 364 oranges. He puts them equally into 5 boxes. How many oranges does he put into each box and how many are left?

20. 9 cans of milk can be carried in one van. If there are 1360 cans, how many vans are required and how many cans will be left behind?

21. Ten trucks carry 9000 crates of coke. How many crates does each truck carry?


Answer:

XI. 1. 15

2. 14

3. 17

4. 11

5. 12

6. 6

7. 12

8. 24

9. 12 

10. $123

11. $ 1111

12. 11; 2

13. 101; 3

14. 220; 1

15. $ 14 

16. 150

17. 254

18. 15; 4

19. 72; 4

20. 151; 1

21. 900

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