# Word Problems on Multiplication

Word problems on multiplication for fourth grade students are solved here step by step.

Problem Sums Involving Multiplication:

1. 24 folders each has 56 sheets of paper inside them. How many sheets of paper are there altogether?

Solution:

We can add 56 sheets 24 times

OR

Since multiplication is repeated addition we can multiply 56 and 24 to get the answer.

[Sometime, more than one calculation is required.]

Therefore, altogether there are 1344 sheets.

2. A carton holds 24 packets of biscuits. Each packet has 12 biscuits. How many biscuits can be packed in 45 cartons?

In one carton we can pack 24 × 12 biscuits.

In 45 cartons, we can pack 24 × 12 × 45 biscuits.

24 × 12 = 288

 → 40 + 5Multiply by 5 Multiply by 40

Therefore, altogether there are 12,960 biscuits.

3. There are 226 pencils in a packet. How many pencils are there in 212 such packets?

 Number of pencils in 1 packet = 226Number of packets = 212Total number of pencils = 226 × 212                                   = 47912

4.
A bag contains 289 apples. How many apples A will 72 such bags have?

Solution:

1 bag contains = 289 apples

72 bags contain = 289 × 72 apples

2 8 9

× 7 2

5 7 8

+   2 0 2 3 0

2 0 8 0 8

Hence, 72 bags will contain 20,808 apples.

5. A car travels a distance of 345 km every day. What distance will it travel in a year?

Solution:

Distance travelled by the car in one day = 345 km

There are 365 days in a year.

Distance travelled by the car in 365 days = 345 km × 365

3 4 5

× 3 6 5

1 7 2 5

2 0 7 0 0

+  1 0 3 5 0 0

1 2 5 9 2 5

Hence, the car will travel  1,25,925 km in a year.

Consider the following Examples on Word Problems Involving Multiplication:

1. A book costs $67. How much will be paid for 102 such books? Solution: The cost of one book =$ 6 7                   6 7

Number of books                  = 1 0 2             × 1 0 2

The cost of 102 books          = $67 × 102 1 3 4 =$ 6834         + 6 7 0 0

6 8 3 4

Therefore, cost of 102 books = $6834 2. A bicycle costs$ 215. How much will be paid for 87 such bicycles?

Solution:

The cost of one bicycle            = $2 1 5 2 1 5 Number of bicycle = 8 7 × 8 7 The cost of 87 bicycles =$ 2 1 5 × 8 7        1 5 0 5

= $6834 + 1 7 2 0 0 1 8 7 0 5 Therefore, cost of 87 bicycles =$ 18705

3. The monthly salary of a man is $2,625. What is his annual income by salary? Solution: Monthly income =$2,625                   2 6 2 5

Annual income                 = $2,625 × 12 × 1 2 =$31,500                 5 2 5 0

+ 2 6 2 5 0

3 1 5 0 0

Therefore, annual income = $31,500 4. A chair costs$ 452 and a table costs $1750. What will be cost of 15 chairs and 30 tables? Solution: (i) Cost of one chair =$ 452

Cost of 15 chairs             = $452 × 15 =$ 6,780

(ii) Cost of one table        = $1,750 Cost of 30 tables =$ 1,750 × 30

= $52,500 Therefore, cost of 15 chairs and 30 tables =$ 6,780 + $52,500 Worksheet on Word Problems on Multiplication: 1. Each student of class IV$ 75 for the flood victims. If there are 368 students in class IV, what is the total amount of money collected?

Answer: $27600 2. An orchard has 46 rows of mango trees. If there are 150 trees in each row. What is the total number of mango trees in the orchard? Answer: 6900 3. A showroom has 165 bicycles. Each bicycle costs$ 4500. What is the total cost of all the bicycles?

Answer: $742500 4. The teller in the bank received 814 notes today. If the value of each note is$ 500, what is the total amount of money collected by the teller?

Answer: $407000 5. A car factory manufactures 75 cars each month. How many cars will be manufactured in the factory in one year? Answer: 900 6. The National Library has 502 book shelves. In each shelf there are 44 books. What is the total number of books in the library? Answer: 22088 7. Our heart beats about 72 times in a minute. How many times will it beat in an hour? Answer: 4320 8. Shyam works for 10 hours in a day and Ram works for 9 hours in a day. Ram works for 6 days in a week and Sham works for 5 days in a week. Who works for more hours in a week and by how much? Answer: Ram, 4 hours 9. There are 100 baskets of fruit. Each basket has 24 kg of fruit. If half of the baskets are kept on the weighing machine, then what weight will be shown by the weighing machine? Answer: 1200 10. A truck has 673 boxes of candies. Each box has a dozen candies in it. What is the total number of candies on the truck? Answer: 8076 11. A packet consists of 600 chocolates. How many chocolates are there in 248 such packets? Answer: 148800 12. A book contains 543 pages. How many pages are there in 22 such books? Answer: 11946 13. A boat can carry 635 people. How many people can travel in 240 such boats? Answer: 152400 14. A farmer produced 735 quintals of rice. He told it at the rate of 1,525 per quintal How much money did he get? 15. A transistor costs 2,492. Find the cost of 64 such transistors. 16. A rack can hold 1,850 books. How many books can be kept in 82 such racks. 17. A cartoon can hold 15 dozen of oranges. How many oranges are there in 924 cartons. 18. The cost of a doll is$ 524. What is the east of 680 such dolls?

19. The capacity of a water tank is 6450 litres. In a city, there are 250 such tanks. What is the storage capacity of the city?

20. A weaving machine makes 4148 m of cloth in a week. How much cloth will it in 48 weeks?

21. The water capacity of a tank is 1325 litres. Find the total capacity of such 174 tanks

22. In a village, there are 1265 farmers. Each farmer has 329 sheep. How many shees are there in all?

23. Nairitee reads 12 pages of a book in one hour How many pages are there in that book if she reads 5 hours in a day and finishes the book in 30 days?

24. A bus can carry 52 passengers in one tip. How many passengers will it carry in the month of July if it makes 5 trips in a day?

25. The monthly fee of a student a Rs. 530. There are 142 students in a class. How much fee is collected from that class?

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