Addition is finding the total of different values.

The important thing to remember when adding is to line up the numbers carefully according to place value.

Adding three digit numbers - without carrying. This video demonstrates adding 3-digit number to a 3-digit number without carrying.

Adding three digit numbers - with carrying. This video demonstrates adding 3-digit number to a 3-digit number without carrying.

Changing the order of addends does not change the sum.

 46 + 17 = 63 17 + 46 = 63

Adding 0 to a number does not change the number.

 142 + 0 = 142 0 + 176 = 176

Step I: Line up the numbers according to place value add the ONES

Step II:

Add the TENS 7 + 5 = 12 TENS

REGROUP as 1 HUNDRED 2 TENS

Step III:

Step IV:

4 + 7 = 11 Regroup

1 TEN THOUSAND 1 THOUSAND

We start from the right and move to the left when we are adding. After adding each place, we need to check. If the sum is 10 more, and then REGROUP.

How to add four digit numbers and check the answer? This video demonstrates adding 4-digit number to a 4-digit number with carrying.

From the sum, subtract the first ADDEND.

We can even subtract the second ADDEND from the SUM to get the first ADDEND.

In addition we have already learned to add the numbers having one digit, two digits, three digits and four digits in detail. Now we have to learn the addition of numbers with more than four digits.

Let’s first revise the method of addition for 4-digit numbers or larger numbers.

Solution:

(i) Sum of ones = 7 + 2

= 9 ones

(ii) Sum of tens = 2 + 5

= 7 tens

(iii) Sum of hundreds = 1 + 6

= 7 hundreds

(iv) Sum of thousands = 3 + 1

= 4 thousands

Hence, sum = 4,779

Solution:

Hence, sum = 62,424

(i) Addition of ones 5 + 9 = 14

= 10 + 4

= 1 ten 4 ones

(ii) Addition of tens = 1 + 8 + 3

= 12 tens

= 1 H + 2 tens

(iii) Addition of hundreds = 1 + 6 + 7

= 14 H

1 Th 4 hundreds

(iv) Addition of thousands = 1 + 7 + 4

= 12 Th

= 1 Tth, 2Th

(v) Addition of T thousands = 1 + 3 + 2

= 6 Tth

Hence, the addition sum = 62,424

Solution:

Hence, sum = 124137

(i) Ones ⇒ 9 + 8 = 17

= 1 ten 7 ones

(ii) Tens ⇒ 1 + 5 + 7 = 13

= 1 H + 3 tens

(iii) H ⇒ 1 + 4 + 6 = 11

= 1 Th + 1 H

(iv) Th ⇒ 1 + 7 + 6 = 14

= 1 Tth + 4 Th

(v) Tth ⇒ 1 + 6 + 5 = 12

= 1 L 2 Tth

Hence, the addition sum = 124,137

4. Find the sum of 583497, 275634 and 13205.

Solution:

(i) Sum of ones = 7 + 4 + 5 = 16 = 1T 6 ones

(ii) Sum of tens = 1 + 9 + 3 + 0 = 13 tens

= 1 H, 3 tens

(iii) Sum of hundreds = 1 + 4 + 6 + 2 = 13H

= 1 Th 3 H

(iv) Sum of thousands = 1 + 3 + 5 + 3 = 12 Th

= 1 Tth 2th

(v) Sum of Ten thousands = 1 + 8 + 7 + 1

= 17Tth

= 1 H 7 Tth

(vi) Sum of Hundred thousand = 1 + 5 + 2

= 8 Hundred thousands

Hence, the sum = 872,336

Hence, the sum = 151,117

More examples to learn how to add 5-digit numbers to a 5-digit numbers by following this video.

Remember:

(i) 9 hundreds + 8 hundreds

9 hundreds

+    8 hundreds

17 hundreds → 1 thousand 7 hundreds

(ii) 9 hundreds + 8 hundreds

9 hundreds              9 hundreds

+  15 tens            +       1 hundreds + 5 tens

10 hundreds + 5 tens

=  10 hundreds + 5 tens  → 1 thousands 5 tens

(iii) 4 tens thousands + 19 thousands + 13 hundreds

4 tens thousands → 4 tens thousands

+ 19 thousands        → 1 ten thousands + 9 thousands

+ 13 hundreds         →                         + 1 thousand    + 3 hundreds

5 ten thousands + 10 thousands + 3 hundreds

(or) 6 ten thousands 3 hundreds

Note: Addition is done only in the same groupings.

I. Find the sum:

(i) 15 thousands + 14 hundreds + 3 tens

(ii) 14 ten thousands + 4 thousands + 3 hundreds + 13 tens

(iii) 27 thousands + 37 thousands + 27 tens

(iv) 3 ten thousands + 14 thousands + 18 hundreds.

I. (i) 16,430

(ii) 144430

(iii) 64270

(iv) 45800

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