In multiplication of a decimal by a decimal number we will learn how to find the product of a decimal by another decimal.
To multiply a decimal number by a decimal number, we first multiply the two numbers ignoring the decimal points and then place the decimal point in the product in such a way that decimal places in the product is equal to the sum of the decimal places in the given numbers.
The rules to multiply a decimal by a decimal are:
(i) Remove the decimals of the two numbers and then take the two numbers as whole numbers and multiply.
(ii) In the product, place the decimal point after leaving digits equal to the total number of decimal places in both numbers.
(iii) Counting must always be done from the units place of the product.
Let us consider some of the following examples on multiplication of a decimal number by a decimal number.
1. Find the product of 1.2 × 1.2
First we will perform the multiplication ignoring the decimal points in multiplicant and multiplier.
Since 12 × 12 = 144
Now place the decimal point in the product to give as many decimal places in the product as there are in the multiplicant and the multiplier together.
Therefore, 1.2 × 1.2 = 1.44
2. Find the product of 2.5 × 0.05
First we will perform the multiplication ignoring the decimal points.
Since 25 × 5 = 125
Now in the multiplicant and the multiplier there are three decimal places together, so the product also must contain three decimal places.
Therefore, 2.5 × 0.05 = 0.125
3. Multiply 128.16 by 2.5
Solution:
In 128.16, there are 2 decimal places after the decimal point and in 2.5, there are 1 decimal point after decimal point.
Therefore, total 2 + 1 = 3 decimal places
Now multiply, 12816 and 25
12816
× 25
64080
256320
320400
Now place the decimal point to have three decimal places after the point.
Therefore, 128.16 × 2.5 = 320.400 i.e., 320.4
4. Multiply 9.17 by 0.5
Solution:
In 9.17, there are 2 decimal places after the decimal point and in 0.5, there are 1 decimal point after decimal point.
Therefore, total 2 + 1 = 3 decimal places
Now multiply, 917 and 05
917
× 5
4585
Now place the decimal point to have three decimal places after the point.
Therefore, 9.17 × 0.5 = 4.585
3. Find the product of 193.45 × 2.5
Perform the multiplication ignoring the decimal points in multiplicant and multiplier.
Since 19345 × 25 = 483625
Here the multiplicant contains two decimal places and multiplier contains one decimal place, so together the product must contain three decimal places.
Therefore, 193.45 × 2.5 = 483.625
4. Find the product of 26.452 × 2.1
Perform the multiplication ignoring the decimal points in multiplicant and multiplier.
Since 26452 × 21 = 555492
Here the multiplicant contains three decimal places and multiplier contains one decimal place, so together the product must contain four decimal places.
Therefore, 26.452 × 2.1 = 55.5492
5. Find the product of 96.41 × 1.02
Perform the multiplication ignoring the decimal points.
Since 9641 × 102 = 983382
Here the multiplicant contains two decimal places and multiplier contains two decimal places, so together the product must contain four decimal places.
Therefore, 96.41 × 1.02 = 98.3382
6. Find the product of 830.12 × 1.53
Perform the multiplication ignoring the decimal points.
Since 83012 × 153 = 12700836
Here the multiplicant and multiplier both contains two decimal places, so together the product must contain four decimal places.
Therefore, 830.12 × 1.53 = 1270.0836
7. Find the product of 183.31 × 3.11
Perform the multiplication ignoring the decimal points.
Since 18331 × 311 = 5700941
Here the multiplicant and multiplier both contains two decimal places, so together the product must contain four decimal places.
Therefore, 183.31 × 3.11 = 570.0941
8. Find the product of 900.09 × 0.99
Perform multiplication as usual ignoring the decimal points.
Since 90009 × 099 = 8910891
Here the multiplicant and multiplier both contains two decimal places, so together the product must contain four decimal places.
Therefore, 900.09 × 0.99 = 891.0891
9. Find the product of 432.01 × 4.2
Perform multiplication as usual ignoring the decimal points.
Since 43201 × 42 = 1814442
Now place the decimal point in the product to give as many decimal places in the multiplicant and the multiplier together.
Therefore, 432.01 × 4.2 = 1814.442
10. Find the product of 501.03 × 3.33
Perform multiplication as usual ignoring the decimal points.
Since 50103 × 333 = 16684299
Now place the decimal point in the product to give as many decimal places in the multiplicant and the multiplier together.
Therefore, 501.03 × 3.33 = 1668.4299
● Decimal.
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