In division of twodigit by a onedigit numbers are discussed here step by step.
How to divide 2digit numbers by singledigit numbers?
Let us follow the examples to learn to divide 2digit numbers by onedigit numbers.
Divide the following and verify the result
(i) 42 ÷ 6
(ii) 85 ÷ 5
(iii) 76 ÷ 6
Solution:
(i) 42 ÷ 6
Since, 6 sevens are 42, i.e., 6 × 7 = 42
So, 7 will be quotient
6 × 7 + 0 = 42, the dividend
So, quotient 7 is verified
Therefore, 7 is quotient
(ii) 85 ÷ 5
(a) 8 > 5 so first 8 will be divided. 8T ÷ 5 = 1T so quotient will be 1 ten
(b) 8T  5T = 3T, 3T + 5 = 35 for 35 ÷ 5, 5 × 7 = 35.
So 7 is quotient
(c) 5 × 17 = 85 (dividend)
So, result is verified.
Therefore, Quotient = 17, remainder = 0
(iii) 76 ÷ 6
(a) 7 > 6, so 7T will be divided by 6,
6 one is 6, so 1T is quotient
(b) 7 – 6 = 1, 6 is carried down, so 16 will, be divided by 6.
6 twos are 12, 6 threes are 18, so quotient will be 2.
(c) 16  12 = 4 is the remainder
(d) 6 × 12 + 4 = 72 + 4 = 76 (dividend)
Therefore, result is verified.
The quotient = 12
Remainder = 4
Let us follow the examples to learn to divide 3digit numbers by onedigit numbers.
645 ÷ 6
Check:
107 × 6 = 642
642 + 3 = 645
Here we know, 645 ÷ 6 = 107 remainder is 3
645 is dividend
6 is divisor
107 is quotient
3 is remainder
The same method is used when dividing larger numbers.
`Related Concept
● Addition
● Check for Subtraction and Addition
● Word Problems Involving Addition and Subtraction
● Estimating Sums and Differences
● Multiply a Number by a 2Digit Number
● Multiplication of a Number by a 3Digit Number
● Word Problems on Multiplication
● Division of TwoDigit by a OneDigit Numbers
● Division of FourDigit by a OneDigit Numbers
● Division by 10 and 100 and 1000
● Division by TwoDigit Numbers
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