What are the different ways of reading time?

There are many ways to read time:

**(a)** When hour-hand is exactly at any number and minute-hand is at 12, we read the time in full hours. If hour hand is at 8 and minute hand is at 12, then it is 8 o’clock.

**(b)** When the minute-hand is at 6 and hour hand between two consecutive numbers, then the time has the first of the two consecutive numbers as hour and minute 6 × 5 = 30.

If the hour hand is between 7 and 8 and minute-hand at 6, the time is 7:30.

It is also called half past 7. Similarly, 11:30 is half past 11.

**(c)** When the minute hand is at 3 or 9, the time is in quarter hours.

If the minute hand is at 3 and hour hand between 5 and 6 then time is 5:15. It is called quarter past 5.

If the minute hand is at 9 and hour hand between 5 and 6 then time is 5:45. It is called quarter to 6.

**(d)** It has already been described that the time between midnight
and noon is known as A.M. and between noon and next midnight is known as P.M.

**For
example:**
9:35 in the morning is written as 9:35 A.M.

9:35 in the night is written as 9:35 P.M.

These are the different ways of reading time observing the hour – hand and minute – hand. Some clock has second hand which is generally not observed while telling the time, the position of the hour – hand and minute – hand indicate the time shown in the specific clock.

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