Different Ways of Reading Time

Let us recall what we have learnt about reading time from a clock.

1. For measuring time we need clock which tell us hours, minutes and seconds.

2. The clock has 12 numbers. The space between these numbers are divided into five equal parts. These parts indicate minutes.

3. 60 seconds make a minute and 60 minutes make an hour.

4. When minute hand is on 6, we say half past.

5. When minute hand is on 3, we say quarter past

The clock has two hands. The short hand is the hour hand. It shows time in hours. The long hand is the minute hand it shows time in minutes. The clock has numbers from 1 to 12 marked on its face, called dail. When the minute hand points to 12 the time shown is a full hour. In the clock given here the hour hand is at 3 and minute hand is at 12. The time shown on the clock is 3 o’clock. 

The Clock

When the minute hand points at 6, we say 30 minutes past an hour or half past an hour.

Reading Time to the Exact Minutes

Look at the Clock:

The hour hand is between 5 and 6.

Therefore, the time is between 5 o'clock and 6 o'clock.

Count the Small Divisions:

As we know up to 6 there are 30 small divisions and we also know that there are 5 small divisions between every number. So up to 9 there are 45 small divisions. Count after 45.

There are 4 small divisions ahead of the number 9.

i. e., 45 + 4 = 49

or, (9 × 5) + 4 = 49

So, the time is 5:49.

Reading Time

What are the Different Ways of Reading Time?

There are many ways to read time:

(a) When hour-hand is exactly at any number and minute-hand is at 12, we read the time in full hours. If hour hand is at 8 and minute hand is at 12, then it is 8 o’clock.

(b) When the minute-hand is at 6 and hour hand between two consecutive numbers, then the time has the first of the two consecutive numbers as hour and minute 6 × 5 = 30.

If the hour hand is between 7 and 8 and minute-hand at 6, the time is 7:30.

It is also called half past 7. Similarly, 11:30 is half past 11.

(c) When the minute hand is at 3 or 9, the time is in quarter hours.

If the minute hand is at 3 and hour hand between 5 and 6 then time is 5:15. It is called quarter past 5.

If the minute hand is at 9 and hour hand between 5 and 6 then time is 5:45. It is called quarter to 6.

(d) It has already been described that the time between midnight and noon is known as A.M. and between noon and next midnight is known as P.M.

For example:      9:35 in the morning is written as 9:35 A.M.

                           9:35 in the night is written as 9:35 P.M.

These are the different ways of reading time observing the hour – hand and minute – hand. Some clock has second hand which is generally not observed while telling the time, the position of the hour – hand and minute – hand indicate the time shown in the specific clock.

Worksheet on Different Ways of Reading Time:

I. Write the correct time in the given box:

Write the Correct Time


(i) 4 O'clock

(ii) 7 O'clock

(iii) 12 O'clock

(iv) 1 O'clock

(v) 9 O'clock

II. Read the time and draw both hands of the clock to show the given time.

or, Look at the time below and draw the hands accordingly:

Time and Draw


Time and Draw both Hands

III. Draw the hands on the clock faces to show the given time.

Draw the Hands on the Clock Faces


Draw Hands on the Clock Faces

IV. Write the correct time in the given box.

Write Correct Time


(i) 2:30

(ii) 8:30

(iii) 9:30

(iv) 4:30

(v) 10:30

You might like these

Related Concept

Telling Time

3rd Grade Math Worksheets

3rd Grade Math Lessons

From Different Ways of Reading Time to HOME PAGE

Didn't find what you were looking for? Or want to know more information about Math Only Math. Use this Google Search to find what you need.

New! Comments

Have your say about what you just read! Leave me a comment in the box below. Ask a Question or Answer a Question.

Share this page: What’s this?

Recent Articles

  1. Subtracting Integers | Subtraction of Integers |Fundamental Operations

    Jun 13, 24 02:51 AM

    Subtracting integers is the second operations on integers, among the four fundamental operations on integers. Change the sign of the integer to be subtracted and then add.

    Read More

  2. Properties of Subtracting Integers | Subtraction of Integers |Examples

    Jun 13, 24 02:28 AM

    The properties of subtracting integers are explained here along with the examples. 1. The difference (subtraction) of any two integers is always an integer. Examples: (a) (+7) – (+4) = 7 - 4 = 3

    Read More

  3. Math Only Math | Learn Math Step-by-Step | Worksheet | Videos | Games

    Jun 13, 24 12:11 AM

    Presenting math-only-math to kids, students and children. Mathematical ideas have been explained in the simplest possible way. Here you will have plenty of math help and lots of fun while learning.

    Read More

  4. Addition of Integers | Adding Integers on a Number Line | Examples

    Jun 12, 24 01:11 PM

    Addition of Integers
    We will learn addition of integers using number line. We know that counting forward means addition. When we add positive integers, we move to the right on the number line. For example to add +2 and +4…

    Read More

  5. Worksheet on Adding Integers | Integers Worksheets | Answers |Addition

    Jun 11, 24 07:15 PM

    Worksheet on Adding Integers
    Practice the questions given in the worksheet on adding integers. We know that the sum of any two integers is always an integer. I. Add the following integers:

    Read More