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1. Mrs. Rodger got a weekly raise of $145. If she gets paid every other week, write an integer describing how the raise will affect her paycheck.Let the 1st paycheck be x (integer).
Mrs. Rodger got a weekly raise of $ 145.
So after completing the 1st week she will get $ (x+145).
Similarly after completing the 2nd week she will get $ (x + 145) + $ 145.
= $ (x + 145 + 145)
= $ (x + 290)
So in this way end of every week her salary will increase by $ 145.
3. Mr. Jones sold two pipes at $1.20 each. Based on the cost, his
profit one was 20% and his loss on the other was 20%. On the sale of the
pipes, he:
(a) broke even, (b) lost 4 cents, (c) gained 4 cents, (d) lost 10 cents, (e) gained 10 cents
Solution:
20 % profit on $ 1.20
= $ 20/100 × 1.20
= $ 0.20 × 1.20
= $ 0.24
Similarly, 20 % loss on $ 1.20
= $ 20/100 × 1.20
= $ 0.20 × 1.20
= $ 0.24
Therefore, in one pipe his profit is $ 0.24 and in the other pipe his loss is $ 0.24.
Since both profit and loss amount is same so, it’s broke even.
Answer: (a)
5. A man has $ 10,000 to invest. He invests $ 4000 at 5 % and $ 3500
at 4 %. In order to have a yearly income of $ 500, he must invest the
remainder at:
(a) 6 % , (b) 6.1 %, (c) 6.2 %, (d) 6.3 %, (e) 6.4 %
Solution:
Income from $ 4000 at 5 % in one year = $ 4000 of 5 %.
= $ 4000 × 5/100.
= $ 4000 × 0.05.
= $ 200.
Income from $ 3500 at 4 % in one year = $ 3500 of 4 %.
= $ 3500 × 4/100.
= $ 3500 × 0.04.
= $ 140.
Total income from 4000 at 5 % and 3500 at 4 % = $ 200 + $ 140 = $ 340.
Remaining income amount in order to have a yearly income of $ 500
= $ 500  $ 340.
= $ 160.
Total invested amount = $ 4000 + $ 3500 = $7500.
Remaining invest amount = $ 10000  $ 7500 = $ 2500.
We know that, Interest = Principal × Rate × Time
Interest = $ 160,
Principal = $ 2500,
Rate = r [we need to find the value of r],
Time = 1 year.
160 = 2500 × r × 1.
160 = 2500r
160/2500 = 2500r/2500 [divide both sides by 2500]
0.064 = r
r = 0.064
Change it to a percent by moving the decimal to the right two places
r = 6.4 %
Therefore, he invested the remaining amount $ 2500 at 6.4 % in order to get $ 500 income every year.
Answer: (e)
6. Jones covered a distance of 50 miles on his first trip. On a later
trip he traveled 300 miles while going three times as fast. His new
time compared with the old time was:
(a) three times as much, (b) twice as much, (c) the same, (d) half as much, (e) a third as much
Solution:
Let speed of the 1st trip x miles / hr. and speed of the 2nd trip 3x / hr.
We know that
Speed = Distance/Time.
Or, Time = Distance/Speed.
So, times taken to covered a distance of 50 miles on his first trip = 50/x hr.
And times taken to covered a distance of 300 miles on his later trip = 300/3x hr.
= 100/x hr.
So we can clearly see that his new time compared with the old time was: twice as much.
Answer: (b)
Unsolved Questions:
1. Fahrenheit temperature F is a linear function of Celsius temperature C. The ordered pair (0, 32) is an ordered pair of this function because 0°C is equivalent to 32°F, the freezing point of water. The ordered pair (100, 212) is also an ordered pair of this function because 100°C is equivalent to 212° F, the boiling point of water.
2. A sports field is 300 feet long. Write a formula that gives the length of x sports fields in feet. Then use this formula to determine the number of sports fields in 720 feet.
3. A recipe calls for 2 1/2 cups and I want to make 1 1/2 recipes. How many cups do I need?
4. Mario answered 30% of the questions correctly. The test contained a total of 80 questions. How many questions did Mario answer correctly?
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