The terms used in division are dividend, divisor, quotient and remainder.
Division is repeated subtraction.
For example:
24 ÷ 6
How many times would you subtract 6 from 24 to reach 0?
24  6 = 18 one time
18  6 = 12 two times
12  6 = 6 three times
6  6 = 0 four times
For every multiplication fact, there are two division facts.
For example:
(i) 5 × 7 = 35
35 ÷ 5 = 7; 35 ÷ 7 = 5
(ii) 8 × 6 = 48
48 ÷ 8 = 6; 48 ÷ 6 = 8
(iii) 9 × 5 = 45 is the same as 45 ÷ 9 = 5
7 × 9 = 63 is the same as 63 ÷ 7 = 9
Each of the terms used in division are explained below:
The number which is divided is called the dividend.
The number which divides is called the divisor.
The number which is the result of the division is called the quotient.
If there is any number left over, it is called the remainder.
The answer of a division operation can be verified in the following manner:
Quotient × Divisor + Remainder = Dividend
Consider the following examples to understand the terms showing in the division:
(i) 54 divided by 6
Dividend = Divisor × Quotient + Remainder
54 = 6 × 9 + 0
(ii) 81 divided by 9
Dividend = Divisor × Quotient + Remainder
81 = 9 × 9 + 0
Related Concept
● Addition
● Check for Subtraction and Addition
● Word Problems Involving Addition and Subtraction
● Estimating Sums and Differences
● Multiply a Number by a 2Digit Number
● Multiplication of a Number by a 3Digit Number
● Word Problems on Multiplication
● Division of TwoDigit by a OneDigit Numbers
● Division of FourDigit by a OneDigit Numbers
● Division by 10 and 100 and 1000
● Division by TwoDigit Numbers
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