**How to read a watch or a clock?**

The three figures will help us to read a watch or a clock.

Hour hand indicates hours and Minute-hand indicates minutes.

In **figure (i) **hour-hand is indicating number 1 or just after 1. So, we read it as 1 hour. The minute hand indicates 4 divisions after the number 3, i.e., 3 x 5 + 4 = 19, or 19 divisions from 12. So we read it as 19 minutes.

The watch indicates that the time is 1 hour 19 minutes.

We may express it as 1 : 19.

We may say it is 19 minutes past 1.

At or after the number that the hour-hand indicates, the number expresses the hour.

At or after the number that the minute-hand indicates, the number
multiplied by 5 and number of divisions after the number, express the
minutes. If minute hand indicates 3 divisions after number 7, then
minutes is 7 x 5 + 3 = 38 minutes.

In **figure (ii) ** hour hand is between 3 and 4. So, we say it is 3
hours. The minute hand is 2 divisions after number 8. So, minute is 8 x 5
+ 2 = 42 minutes.

The time is 3 hours 42 minutes.

We may write it as 3 : 42.

We may say it is 42 minutes past 3,

or, (60 - 42 = 18 minutes) 18 minutes to 4.

In **figure (iii) ** expresses 8 : 35 or 35 minutes past 8
or, ( 60 - 35 = 25 minutes) 25 minutes to 9.

Read the time shown in these clocks.

20 minutes past 2

**2 : 20 **

25 minutes to 6 or 35 minutes past 5

**5 : 35**

Quarter past 10 or 15 minutes past 10

**10 : 15**

Quarter to 5 or 45 minutes past 4

**4 : 45**

**Related Concepts **

**● ****To
Measure the Length of a Line-segment**** **

**● ****Examples
on Unit of Mass or Weight**

**● ****Units
for The Measurement of Capacity**

**● ****Examples
on Measurement of Capacity**

**● ****Antemeridian
(a.m.) or Postmeridian (p.m.)**

**● ****Calendar**

**● ****Reading
and Interpreting a Calendar**

**4th Grade Math Activities**

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