Parallel Lines

In parallel lines when two lines do not intersect each other at any point even if they are extended to infinity.

What are parallel lines in geometry?

Two lines which do not intersect each other at any point even if extended to infinity are called parallel lines.

The lines that always keep the same distance between them are parallel lines. These lines will never meet or intersect each other. There can be more than two lines parallel to each other. We have seen parallel lines on the zebra crossing while crossing the road.



Some more examples of parallel lines are shown below.

Examples of Parallel Lines

In the figures given below line AB is parallel to CD and line PQ is parallel to RS.

Set of Parallel Lines

Thus, two lines are parallel if;

(i) they lie on the same plane.

(ii) they do not have any common point in between.

(iii) the distance between these two lines always remains same everywhere.

Line ℓ and m are parallel are parallel to each other.

The symbol for parallel lines is ||,

therefore, ℓ || m.

Two rays are parallel if the corresponding lines determined by them are parallel.

Two segments are parallel if the corresponding lines determined by them are parallel.


Parallel lines do not meet even if they ere extended indefinitely on the either side. There can be more than two lines parallel to each other.

Parallel and Non Parallel Lines

In figure (i) ℓ is parallel to m. We also write it as ℓ m.

In figure (ii), the lines p and q do not intersect. But on extending these lines, they meet at a point O. So, these are not parallel lines. From our daily life, we can say that the two rails of a railway line, the two edges of a ruler, etc., are examples of 'parallel lines'.

Examples of Parallel Lines

Drawing Parallel Lines with Set Squares:

Draw a line segment through P which is parallel to \(\overleftrightarrow{AB}\).


Procedure:

Step I: Place one edge of the two smaller edges of any set square along  \(\overleftrightarrow{AB}\).

Draw Parallel Lines


Step II: Place the longest edge of the other set square along the free side of the first set square.

Parallel Lines Draw


Step III: Press the second set square in position and slide the first set square until its edge passes through P. The direction of the slide is shown by an arrow.

Parallel Lines Drawing


Step IV: Draw the line through P with the help of the edge passing through P. While drawing this line, the first set square must be pressed in position.

Drawing Parallel Lines with Set Squares

Activity:

Step I: Take a rectangular sheet of paper.

Rectangular Sheet of Paper


Step II: Fold it half so that one part may cover the other part completely.

Fold Paper Half


Step III: Fold it again in the same manner.

Fold the Paper Again

Step IV: Now unfold it to get three creases. These creases are parallel to one another.

Parallel Lines Activity



Worksheet on Parallelogram:

1. Draw the following:

(i) Draw a line segment AB. Mark a point C above it. Draw a line segment through C parallel to AB.

(ii) Draw a line segment AB of suitable length. Mark a point P above it. Draw PQ perpendicular to AB using set squares.

(iii) Draw a vertical line segment AB. Mark a point H on its right side. Draw a line segment through H parallel to AB.

(iv) Draw a line segment EF. Mark a point G below it. Draw a line segment through G parallel to EF.

You might like these

● Quadrilaterals.

Elements of a Quadrilateral.

Types of Quadrilaterals.

Parallel Lines.

Perpendicular Lines.

Construction of Perpendicular Lines by using a Protractor.

Sum of Angles of a Quadrilateral.

Worksheet on Quadrilateral.

Practice Test on Quadrilaterals.




5th Grade Geometry Page

5th Grade Math Problems

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