In subtraction of mass we will learn how to find the difference between the units of mass or weight. While subtracting we need to follow that the units of mass i.e., kilogram and gram are converted into grams before subtraction and then follow the simple subtraction process.

We can subtract units of mass like ordinary numbers.

We will learn two different methods to solve subtraction using the standard unit and smaller unit of mass. Students can practice both the methods.

**(i)** Subtracting units with conversion into gram

**(ii)** Subtracting units without conversion into gram

Worked-out examples on subtraction of mass:

**1.** Subtract 11 kg 460 g from 25 kg 765 g

**Solution:**

**Method 1 **(with conversion
into gram):

We know, 1 kg = 1000 grams

Now kg and g are converted into grams before doing subtraction and then we need to follow the simple subtraction process.

11 kg 460 g = (11 × 1000) g + 460 g = 11000 g + 460 g = 11460 grams

25 kg 765 g = (25 × 1000) g + 765 g = 25000 g + 765 g = 25765 grams

Now sum,

25765 **g**

-__ 11460 __**g**

__ 14305 __**g**

= 14 kg 305 g

**Therefore, 25 kg 765
g - 11 kg 460 g = 11 kg 305 g **

**Method 2 **(without
conversion into gram):

Here kg and g are arranged in different columns and then added like ordinary numbers.

**Follow the steps:**

(i) kg and g are arranged in columns

(ii) 765 g - 460 g = 305 g

(iii) 25 kg - 11 kg = 14 kg

**kg g**

25 765

-__ 11 460__

__ 14 305__

= 14 kg 305 g

**Therefore, difference
of 11 kg 460 g from 25 kg 765 g = 14 kg 305 g
**

**2.** Subtract 24 kg 565 g from 45 kg 225 g

**Solution:**

**Method 1 **(with conversion
into gram):

We know, 1 kg = 1000 grams

Now kg and g are converted into grams before doing subtraction and then we need to follow the simple subtraction process.

24 kg 565 g = (24 × 1000) g + 565 g = 24000 g + 565 g = 24565 grams

45 kg 225 g = (45 × 1000) g + 225 g = 45000 g + 225 g = 45225 grams

Now sum,

45225 **g**

-__ 24565 __**g**

__ 20660 g__

= 20 kg 660 g

**Therefore, 45 kg 225
g - 24 kg 565 g = 20 kg 660 g **

**Method 2 **(without
conversion into gram):

Here kg and g are arranged in different columns and then added like ordinary numbers.

**Follow the steps:**

(i) kg and g are arranged in columns

(ii) 225 g < 565 g, then 225 g - 565 g, so 1 kg from 45 kg is borrowed and added to 225 g

1 kg + 225 g = 1000 g + 225 g = 1225 g

1225 g - 565 g = 660 ml

(iii) 45 kg reduce into 44 kg

44 kg - 24 kg = 20 kg

**kg g**

45 225

-__ 24 565__

__ 20 660__

= 20 kg 660 g

**Therefore, difference
of ****24 kg 565 g from 45 kg 225 g = 20 kg 660 g
**

**3.** Subtract 21 kg 370 g from 37 kg 675 g without conversion into gram.

**Solution:**

Here kg and g are arranged in different columns and then added like ordinary numbers (without conversion into gram).

** ** **kg g**

37 675

-__ 21 370__

__ 16 305__

= 16 kg 305 g

**Therefore, ****difference
of ****21 kg 370 g from 37 kg 675 g = 16 kg 305 g **

**4. **Subtract 44 kg 900 g from 105 kg 60 g.

**Solution:**

Arrange the numbers vertically. First, subtract the grams. As 900 g > 60 g, we cannot subtract. We borrow 1 kg from 105 kg. So, 105 kg becomes 104 kg and 60 grams becomes 1000 + 60 = 1060 g. Subtract 900 g from 1060 g. 1060 – 900 = 160 Write 160 under grams column. |

Subtract kilograms. 104 – 44 = 60 kg

Write 60 under kilograms column.

The above problems on subtraction of mass will help the students to practice the worksheet on subtracting the different units with conversion or without conversion.

Questions and Answers on Subtraction of Mass:

**1. Subtract the given weights:**

(i) 76 kg 142 g – 24 kg 031 g

(ii) 90 g 622 mg – 48 g 503 mg

(iii) 62 kg 579 g – 51 kg 560 g

(iv) 60 g 222 mg – 34 g 083 mg

(v) 80 kg 885 g – 47 kg 000 g

(vi) 100 kg 529 g – 36 kg 610 g

(vii) 27 g 021 mg – 9 g 300 mg

(viii) 321 kg 450 g – 50 kg 290 g

(ix) 560 kg 000 g – 110 kg 850 g

**Answers:**

**1.** (i) 52 kg 111 g

(ii) 42 g 119 mg

(iii) 11 kg 19 g

(iv) 26 g 139 mg

(v) 33 kg 885 g

(vi) 63 kg 919 g

(vii) 17 g 721 mg

(viii) 271 kg 160 g

(ix) 449 kg 150 g

● **Related
Concepts **

**● ****Conversion
of Standard Unit of Mass**

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