Exact Value of cos 18°

We will learn to find the exact value of cos 18 degrees using the formula of multiple angles.


How to find exact value of cos 18°?

Let, A = 18°                        

Therefore, 5A = 90°

⇒ 2A + 3A = 90˚

⇒ 2A = 90˚ - 3A

Taking sine on both sides, we get

sin 2A = sin (90˚ - 3A) = cos 3A

⇒ 2 sin A cos A = 4 cos\(^{3}\) A - 3 cos A

⇒ 2 sin A cos A - 4 cos\(^{3}\) A + 3 cos A = 0

⇒ cos A (2 sin A - 4 cos\(^{2}\) A + 3) = 0 

Dividing both sides by cos A = cos 18˚ ≠ 0, we get

⇒ 2 sin A - 4 (1 - sin\(^{2}\) A) + 3 = 0

⇒ 4 sin\(^{2}\) A + 2 sin A - 1 = 0, which is a quadratic in sin A

Therefore, sin A = \(\frac{-2 \pm \sqrt{- 4 (4)(-1)}}{2(4)}\)

⇒ sin A = \(\frac{-2 \pm \sqrt{4 + 16}}{8}\)

⇒ sin A = \(\frac{-2 \pm 2 \sqrt{5}}{8}\)

⇒ sin A = \(\frac{-1 \pm \sqrt{5}}{4}\)

Now sin 18° is positive, as 18° lies in first quadrant.

Therefore, sin 18° = sin A = \(\frac{√5 - 1}{4}\)


Now cos 18° = √(1 - sin\(^{2}\) 18°), [Taking positive value, cos 18° > 0]

⇒ cos 18° = \(\sqrt{1 - (\frac{\sqrt{5} - 1}{4})^{2}}\)

⇒ cos 18° = \(\sqrt{\frac{16 - (5 + 1 - 2\sqrt{5})}{16}}\)

⇒ cos 18° = \(\sqrt{\frac{10 + 2\sqrt{5}}{16}}\)

Therefore, cos 18° = \(\frac{\sqrt{10 + 2\sqrt{5}}}{4}\)

 Submultiple Angles





11 and 12 Grade Math

From Exact Value of cos 18° to HOME PAGE


New! Comments

Have your say about what you just read! Leave me a comment in the box below. Ask a Question or Answer a Question.



Didn't find what you were looking for? Or want to know more information about Math Only Math. Use this Google Search to find what you need.



Share this page: What’s this?

Recent Articles

  1. Days of the Week | 7 Days of the Week | What are the Seven Days?

    Nov 30, 23 10:59 PM

    Days of the Weeks
    We know that, seven days of a week are Monday, Tuesday, Wednesday, Thursday, Friday, Saturday, Sunday. A day has 24 hours. There are 52 weeks in a year. Fill in the missing dates and answer the questi…

    Read More

  2. Types of Lines |Straight Lines|Curved Lines|Horizontal Lines| Vertical

    Nov 30, 23 01:08 PM

    Types of Lines
    What are the different types of lines? There are two different kinds of lines. (i) Straight line and (ii) Curved line. There are three different types of straight lines. (i) Horizontal lines, (ii) Ver…

    Read More

  3. 1 to 10 Times Tables | 1 - 10 Times Table Chart |Multiplication Tables

    Nov 30, 23 01:26 AM

    1 to 10 Times Tables
    Memorizing 1 to 10 Times Tables are very important for mental math and quick calculations. Times Tables are used during multiplication and division. Let us learn all the times tables from 1 to 10 to i…

    Read More