# Circle Passes through the Origin and Centre Lies on y-axis

We will learn how to find the equation of a circle passes through the origin and centre lies on y-axis.

The equation of a circle with centre at (h, k) and radius equal to a, is (x - h)$$^{2}$$ + (y - k)$$^{2}$$ = a$$^{2}$$.

When the circle passes through the origin and centre lies on x-axis i.e., h = 0 and k = a.

Then the equation (x - h)$$^{2}$$ + (y - k)$$^{2}$$ = a$$^{2}$$ becomes x$$^{2}$$ + (y - a)$$^{2}$$ = a$$^{2}$$

If a circle passes through the origin and centre lies on y-axis then the y co-ordinate will be equal to the radius of the circle and the abscissa of the centre will be zero. Hence, the equation of the circle will be of the form:

x$$^{2}$$ + (y - a)$$^{2}$$ = a$$^{2}$$

⇒ x$$^{2}$$ + y$$^{2}$$ - 2ay = 0

Solved example on the central form of the equation of a circle passes through the origin and centre lies on y-axis:

1. Find the equation of a circle passes through the origin and centre lies on y-axis at (0, -6).

Solution:

Centre of the lies on x-axis at (0, -6)

Since, circle passes through the origin and centre lies on y-axis then the y co-ordinate will be equal to the radius of the circle and the abscissa of the centre will be zero.

The required equation of the circle passes through the origin and centre lies on y-axis at (0, -6) is

x$$^{2}$$ + (y + 6)$$^{2}$$ = (-6)$$^{2}$$

⇒ x$$^{2}$$ + y$$^{2}$$ + 12y + 36 = 36

⇒ x$$^{2}$$ + y$$^{2}$$ + 12y = 0

2. Find the equation of a circle passes through the origin and centre lies on y-axis at (0, 20).

Solution:

Centre of the lies on y-axis at (0, 20)

Since, circle passes through the origin and centre lies on y-axis then the y co-ordinate will be equal to the radius of the circle and the abscissa of the centre will be zero.

The required equation of the circle passes through the origin and centre lies on y-axis at (0, 20) is

x$$^{2}$$ + (y - 20)$$^{2}$$ = 20$$^{2}$$

⇒ x$$^{2}$$ + y$$^{2}$$ - 40y + 400 = 400

⇒ x$$^{2}$$ + y$$^{2}$$ - 40y = 0

The Circle

Didn't find what you were looking for? Or want to know more information about Math Only Math. Use this Google Search to find what you need.

## Recent Articles 1. ### 2nd grade math Worksheets | Free Math Worksheets | By Grade and Topic

Dec 06, 23 01:23 AM

2nd grade math worksheets is carefully planned and thoughtfully presented on mathematics for the students.

2. ### Rupees and Paise | Paise Coins | Rupee Coins | Rupee Notes

Dec 04, 23 02:14 PM

Money consists of rupees and paise; we require money to purchase things. 100 paise make one rupee. List of paise and rupees in the shape of coins and notes: