Angles are very important in our daily life so it’s very necessary to understand about angle.

Two rays meeting at a common endpoint form an angle.

In the adjoining figure, two rays AB and BC are called the arms of the angle ABC.


Common endpoint B is called the vertex of the angle.

We can name the angle as ∠ABC, ∠B or ∠1.

The symbol for denoting an angle is ∠.

The unit for measuring an angle is degree and is denoted as °.

If there are more than 1 angles, we can label them as either ∠1, ∠2, ∠3, ∠4 or ∠ABC, ∠CBD, ∠DBE, ∠EBF.

unit for measuring an angle

We use a protractor to measure the angles.

Magnitude of an Angle:

It is the amount of rotation through which one of the arms must be rotated about vertex to bring it to the position of the other.

We observe that …….. ∠2 has greater magnitude than ∠1.

∠3 has greater magnitude than ∠2.

Magnitude of an Angle


The more is the opening between the arms of the angles, the greater is the magnitude.

One complete rotation about a point is divided into 360 equal parts. Each part is called a degree and is written as 1° (one degree).

1° is further divided in 60 equal parts. Each part is called a minute and is written as 1' (one minute).

1' is further divided into 60 equal parts. Each part is called a second and is written as 1” (one second).

In general: 1° = 60’ = and 1’ = 60"

Measure of an angle:

The amount of turning which one arm must be turned about the vertex to bring it to the position of the other arm is called the measure of an angle.

In the figure ∠POQ, the measure of angle is written as m ∠POQ.

Measure of an angle

It shows that arm OQ is turned about the vertex O to bring it to OP.

angle of 360 degree

One complete rotation about a point makes an angle of 360°.

1° = 60 minutes = 60'

1’ = 60 seconds = 60"

The instrument used for measuring an angle is a protractor.

 Lines and Angles

Fundamental Geometrical Concepts


Classification of Angles

Related Angles

Some Geometric Terms and Results

Complementary Angles

Supplementary Angles

Complementary and Supplementary Angles

Adjacent Angles

Linear Pair of Angles

Vertically Opposite Angles

Parallel Lines

Transversal Line

Parallel and Transversal Lines

7th Grade Math Problems

8th Grade Math Practice 

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