The operation to finding the difference between two numbers is called subtraction. Let us know some facts about subtraction which will help us to learn subtraction of large numbers.

We know that subtraction is taking something away from a group of things. The terms used in subtraction are Minus, Less, Difference, Decrease, Take Away, Deduct. While finding the difference, we write the greater of the two given numbers on the top and them subtract.

When we have to find the difference between two or more numbers we use subtraction.

The sign of subtraction is –.

A number subtracted from itself give zero. i.e.,

8 – 8 = 0

55 – 55 = 0

99 – 99 = 0

Zero subtracted from any number gives the number itself. E.g.,

7 – 0 = 7

46 – 0 = 46

95 – 0 = 95

**1.** Subtraction with small numbers can be worked out horizontally.

**Example:** 8 – 5 = 3

24 – 4 = 20

**2.** Subtraction with large numbers is worked out vertically. Numbers are written under the place value chart.

**Example: ** Th H T O

8 6 7 2

__ - 5 4 3 2__

__ 3 2 4 0__

**3.** Zero subtracted from a number does not change the value of the number.

**Example: ** H T O

2 5 8

__ + 0__

__ 2 5 8__

**4.** 1 subtracted from a number gives the predecessor of the number as the difference.

**Example: **

**5.** The number from which the other number is to be
subtracted is called the minuend. The number subtracted is called the
subtrahend and the answer is called the difference.

**Example: **

**6.** If the subtrahend is missing, then the difference is
subtracted from the minuend.

Minuend – difference = subtrahend.

**Example:**

Workings:

**7.** To find the missing minuend, the difference is added to
the subtrahend.

Difference + subtrahend = minuend

**Example:**

Workings:

**Note:** Here in workings we did difference + subtrahend = minuend

Questions and Answers on Facts about Subtraction:

**I. Subtract the following –**

(i) 8 – 8 = _____

(ii) 6 – 6 = _____

(iii) 5 – 0 = _____

(iv) 3 – 0 = _____

(v) 9 – 3 = _____

(vi) 8 – 3 = _____

(vii) 7 – 1 = _____

(viii) 47 – 47 = _____

(ix) 59 – 59 = _____

(x) 34 – 0 = _____

(xi) 90 – 0 = _____

(xii) 85 – 44 = _____

(xiii) 32 – 21 = _____

(xiv) 65 – 33 = _____

**Answer:**

**I. **(i) 0

(ii) 0

(iii) 5

(iv) 3

(v) 6

(vi) 5

(vii) 6

(viii) 0

(ix) 0

(x) 34

(xi) 90

(xii) 41

(xiii) 11

(xiv) 32

**II. Subtract the following –**

(i) 9 – 9 = _____

(ii) 2 – 2 = _____

(iii) 7 – 0 = _____

(iv) 5 – 0 = _____

(v) 8 – 3 = _____

(vi) 9 – 4 = _____

(vii) 2 – 1 = _____

(viii) 6 – 1 = _____

(ix) 11 – 11 = _____

(x) 36 – 36 = _____

(xi) 72 – 0 = _____

(xii) 22 – 0 = _____

(xiii) 58 – 28 = _____

(xiv) 46 – 23 = _____

(xv) 86 - 35 = _____

(xvi) 78 – 16 = _____

**Answer:**

**II. **(i) 0

(ii) 0

(iii) 7

(iv) 5

(v) 5

(vi) 5

(vii) 1

(viii) 5

(ix) 0

(x) 0

(xi) 72

(xii) 22

(xiii) 30

(xiv) 23

(xv) 51

(xvi) 62

**III. Solve the following:**

(i) 63 – 20 =

(ii) 89 – 53 =

(iii) 50 – 29 =

(iv) 35 – 0 =

(v) 95 – 48 =

(vi) 22 – 8 =

(vii) 53 – 46 =

(viii) 72 – 36 =

(ix) 63 – 20 =

(x) 29 – 29 =

(xi) 72 – 25 =

(xii) 79 – 29 =

(xiii) 52 – 33 =

(xiv) 93 – 49 =

(xv) 76 – 56 =

**Answer:**

**III.** (i) 43

(ii) 36

(iii) 21

(iv) 35

(v) 47

(vi) 14

(vii) 7

(viii) 36

(ix) 43

(x) 0

(xi) 47

(xii) 50

(xiii) 19

(xiv) 44

(xv) 20

**IV. Solve the puzzle. Subtract to fill the empty boxes:**

**Answer:**

**IV.**

9, 6, 4 and 5, 4, 3

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