Transversal Line


What are Transversal Line?



The line which intersects two distinct lines in a plane at two distinct points is called a transversal.
In the below figure, line 't' is transversal to lines l and m, intersecting these two lines at points A and B.

transversal lines



Also, we observe in the below figure, line 't' is not transversal line because it intersects line l and m at one point only.

what are transversal lines?



Angles made by the transversal with two lines:

l and m are two lines in a plane. Transversal 't' intersects these two lines at points A and B. Eight angles are formed, i.e., ∠1, ∠2, ∠3, ∠4, ∠5, ∠6, ∠7, ∠8. The angles marked have their special names.

angles made by the transversal lines



Interior angles:

Angles whose arms include AB are called interior angles. In the given figure, ∠3, ∠4, ∠5, ∠6 are interior angles.

Exterior angles:

Angles whose arms do not include AB are called exterior angles. In the given figure ∠1, ∠2, ∠7, ∠8 are exterior angles.

Pair of corresponding angles:

These are pair of angles:
• Which lie on the same side of the transversal.
• If one is an interior angle, the other will be an exterior angle.
• They do not form a linear pair. In the figure, corresponding angles are: (∠2, ∠6); (∠3, ∠7); (∠1, ∠5); (∠4, ∠8)

Pair of alternate angles:

These are pairs of angles:
• Which lie on opposite sides of transversal.

• Both are either exterior angles or both are interior angles.

• They do not form a linear pair. In the given figure, alternate angles are:

(∠4, ∠6); (∠3, ∠5) these are interior alternate angles. In these pair of arms, arm AB is included.
(∠1, ∠7); (∠2, ∠8) these are exterior alternate angles. They do not include arm AB.

Pair of co-interior or conjoined or allied angles:

These are pairs of interior angles which lie on the same side on the transversal. In the given figure, co-interior angles are (∠3, ∠6); (∠4, ∠5)

Results when two parallel lines are cut by the transversal:

two parallel lines are cut by the transversal



When parallel lines 'l' and 'in' are cut by the transversal line 't' then

• Pairs of corresponding angles are equal ∠2 = ∠6, ∠3 = ∠7, ∠1 = ∠5, ∠4 = ∠8

• Pairs of alternate angles are equal ∠4 = ∠6, ∠3 =∠5 , ∠ 1 = ∠7, ∠2 = ∠8

• Interior angles on the same side of transversal are supplementary ∠6 = 180°, ∠4 + ∠ 5 = 180°

Converse:

When two lines are cut by a transversal and if

• pairs of corresponding angles are equal
• or pairs of alternate angles are equal
• or interior angles on the same side of transversal are supplementary. Then two lines are said to be parallel to each other.



Lines and Angles

  • Fundamental Geometrical Concepts
  • Basic Geometrical Concepts
  • Angles
  • Classification of Angles
  • Related Angles
  • Some Geometric Terms and Results
  • Complementary Angles
  • Supplementary Angles
  • Complementary and Supplementary Angles
  • Adjacent Angles
  • Linear Pair of Angles
  • Vertically Opposite Angles
  • Parallel Lines
  • Transversal Line
  • Parallel and Transversal Lines

  • 7th Grade Math Problems

    8th Grade Math Practice

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