How to read a watch or a clock?
The three figures will help us to read a watch or a clock.
Hour hand indicates hours and Minutehand indicates minutes.
In figure (i) hourhand is indicating number 1 or just after 1. So, we read it as 1 hour. The minute hand indicates 4 divisions after the number 3, i.e., 3 x 5 + 4 = 19, or 19 divisions from 12. So we read it as 19 minutes.
The watch indicates that the time is 1 hour 19 minutes.
We may express it as 1 : 19.
We may say it is 19 minutes past 1.
At or after the number that the hourhand indicates, the number expresses the hour.
At or after the number that the minutehand indicates, the number
multiplied by 5 and number of divisions after the number, express the
minutes. If minute hand indicates 3 divisions after number 7, then
minutes is 7 x 5 + 3 = 38 minutes.
In figure (ii) hour hand is between 3 and 4. So, we say it is 3
hours. The minute hand is 2 divisions after number 8. So, minute is 8 x 5
+ 2 = 42 minutes.
The time is 3 hours 42 minutes.
We may write it as 3 : 42.
We may say it is 42 minutes past 3,
or, (60  42 = 18 minutes) 18 minutes to 4.
In figure (iii) expresses 8 : 35 or 35 minutes past 8
or, ( 60  35 = 25 minutes) 25 minutes to 9.
Read the time shown in these clocks.
20 minutes past 2
2 : 20
25 minutes to 6 or 35 minutes past 5
5 : 35
Quarter past 10 or 15 minutes past 10
10 : 15
Quarter to 5 or 45 minutes past 4
4 : 45
Related Concepts
● To Measure the Length of a Linesegment
● Examples on Unit of Mass or Weight
● Units for The Measurement of Capacity
● Examples on Measurement of Capacity
● Antemeridian (a.m.) or Postmeridian (p.m.)
● Calendar
● Reading and Interpreting a Calendar
4th Grade Math Activities
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