Here we will learn adding 2-digit numbers with regrouping and start working with easy numbers to get acquainted with the addition of two numbers.
Regrouping Tens and Ones:
Let us take the following example:
Sam has collected 24 leaves and Jane has 7 leaves. How many leaves they have in all?
How to add two two-digit numbers with carrying?
Let us follow the steps and start learning adding 2-digit
numbers with regrouping with the help of these examples.
1. 45 + 37
(i) First arrange the numbers vertically so that the tens' place digits and ones' place digits are lined up which means in simple one number should be written above the other number. Draw a line under the bottom number.
(ii) Add the ones
place digits. Add (5 + 7 = 12). Place 2 in the ones column and place 1 above
the tens column as shown.
(iii) Then add the tens' place digits. Add (4 + 3 + 1 = 8) and place 8 in the tens column as shown.
(iv) The answer of the sum 45 + 37 is 82.
Method II: 45 + 37
Add the ones place:
5 ones + 7 ones = 12 ones
Regroup 12 ones
12 ones = 10 ones + 2 ones
= 1 ten + 2 ones
Place 2 in the ones answer column and place 1 in the tens carry-up column.
Add the tens place:
4 tens +3 tens + 1 tens = 8 tens
Place 8 in the tens answer column.
So, adding 45 + 37 = 82.
2. 58 + 39
(i) First arrange the numbers vertically so that the tens' place digits and ones' place digits are lined up which means in simple one number should be written above the other number. Draw a line under the bottom number.
(ii) Add the ones place digits. Add (8 + 7 = 17). Place 7 in the ones column and place 1 above the tens column as shown.
(iii) Then add
the tens' place digits. Add (5 + 3 + 1 = 9) and place 9 in the tens column as
shown.
(iv) The answer of the sum 58 + 39 is 97.
Method II: 58 + 39
Add the ones place:
8 ones + 9 ones = 17 ones
Regroup 17 ones
17 ones = 10 ones + 7 ones
= 1 ten + 7 ones
Place 7 in the ones answer column and place 1 in the tens carry-up column.
Add the tens place:
5 tens +3 tens + 1 tens = 9 tens
Place 9 in the tens answer column.
So, adding 58 + 39 = 97.
Regrouping Tens to Hundreds:
When the sum of digits in the tens place is more than 9, then we regroup the number in tens and hundreds.
3. Let us add 93 and 21
10 tens is one hundred
4. Let us add 49 and 64. Add the ones and regroup 9 ones + 4 ones = 13 ones. 13 ones = 1 ten and 3 ones Write 3 in ones place and carry over 1 ten to the tens column. Add the tens 1 + 4 + 6 = 11 tens 11 tens = 1 hundred and 1 ten Write 1 ten at tens place and carry over 1 hundred to hundreds column. |
5. Let us add 28, 34 and 50. Add the ones and regroup 8 ones + 4 ones + 0 ones = 12 ones. 12 ones = 1 ten and 2 ones Write 2 in ones place and carry over 1 ten to the tens column. Add the tens 1 + 2 + 3 + 5 = 11 tens 11 tens = 1 hundred and 1 ten
Write 1 ten at tens place and carry over 1 hundred to hundreds column. |
Questions and Answers on Adding 2-Digit Numbers with Regrouping:
1. Add the following Regrouping Tens and Ones:
(i) 34 + 8
(ii) 16 + 9
(iii) 38 + 5
(iv) 88 + 3
(v) 73 + 8
(vi) 49 + 3
Answer:
1. (i) 42
(ii) 25
(iii) 43
(iv) 91
(v) 81
(vi) 52
2. Add the following Regrouping Tens and Ones:
(i) 37 + 55
(ii) 37 + 26
(iii) 29 + 66
(iv) 56 + 27
(v) 19 + 73
(vi) 13 + 77
(vii) 62 + 29
(viii) 36 + 46
(ix) 28 + 17
(x) 25 + 47
(xi) 13 + 39
(xii) 54 + 17
Answer:
2. (i) 92
(ii) 63
(iii) 95
(iv) 83
(v) 92
(vi) 90
(vii) 91
(viii) 82
(ix) 45
(x) 72
(xi) 52
(xii) 71
3. Add the following Regrouping Tens to Hundreds:
(i) 76 + 92
(ii) 21 + 84
(iii) 99 + 86
(iv) 87 + 55
(v) 44 + 96
(vi) 59 + 66
(vii) 32 + 91
(viii) 41 + 77
(ix) 82 + 38
(x) 24 + 95
(xi) 90 + 60
(xii) 51 + 82
Answer:
3. (i) 168
(ii) 105
(iii) 185
(iv) 142
(v) 140
(vi) 125
(vii) 123
(viii) 118
(ix) 120
(x) 119
(xi) 150
(xii) 133
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