To learn greater than and less than symbols its important to recall that every number on a number ray is greater than each number on its left and less than each number on its right.

The symbol ">" means "greater than" and the symbol "<" means "less than".

**For example using "greater than" and "less than":**

5 > 0,

5 > 1,

5 > 2,

5 > 3,

5 > 4

5 < 6

5 < 7

5 < 8

5 < 9

5 < 10

**Greater than (>):**

Juliet is older than John. So 9 is three more than 6. 9 is greater than 6.

The sign for greater than is >.

● Put the sign in the blank spaces. One has done for you.

**Less than (>):**

John is younger than Juliet. So 6 is three less than 9. 6 is less than 9.

The sign for greater than is <.

● Put the sign in the blank spaces. One has done for you.

Rules to compare the numbers:

**1.** The more the number of digits, the greater is the number.

**2.** If two numbers have the same number of digits, look for
the left hand side numbers. The number with the bigger digit on the left hand
side is greater.

**3.** If the two left most digits are the same then compare the
next digit to the right and continue in this manner.

**Example: **

The smallest 2 digit number 10 appeared just after the greatest 1 digit number 9. So every 2 digit number is greater than every 1 digit number.

Thus every 3 digit number is greater than every 3 digit number.

Example to identify greater than & less than symbols:

38 > 21 since 3 > 2 (left most digits are 3 and 2)

25 > 15 since 2 >1 (left most digits are 2 and 1)

45 < 51 since 4 < 5 (left most digits are 4 and 5)

33 < 47 since 3 < 4 (left most digits are 3 and 4)

21 < 23 since 2 = 2 and 1 < 3 [next (second ) digits from left are 1 and 3]

64 > 60 since 6 = 6 and 4 > 0 [next (second ) digits from left are 4 and 0]

**Questions and Answers on Greater than and Less than Symbols:**

**1. Insert > or < sign.**

**Note:** The symbol for greater than is '>' and for smaller than is '<'.

**Answer:**

**1. **(ii) <

(iii) >

(iv) >

(v) >

(vi) <

(vii) <

(viii) <

(ix) >

(x) <

(xi) <

(xii) >

(xiii) <

(xiv) >

(xv) >

**2. Compare the following pairs of numbers and insert > or < sign:**

(i) 77 and 36 |
77 |
> |
36 |
or |
36 |
< |
77 |

(ii) 86 and 79 |
____ |
____ |
____ |
or |
____ |
____ |
____ |

(iii) 59 and 76 |
____ |
____ |
____ |
or |
____ |
____ |
____ |

(iv) 16 and 14 |
____ |
____ |
____ |
or |
____ |
____ |
____ |

(v) 83 and 28 |
____ |
____ |
____ |
or |
____ |
____ |
____ |

(vi) 50 and 90 |
____ |
____ |
____ |
or |
____ |
____ |
____ |

(vii) 72 and 83 |
____ |
____ |
____ |
or |
____ |
____ |
____ |

(viii) 45 and 36 |
____ |
____ |
____ |
or |
____ |
____ |
____ |

(ix) 28 and 58 |
____ |
____ |
____ |
or |
____ |
____ |
____ |

(x) 62 and 89 |
____ |
____ |
____ |
or |
____ |
____ |
____ |

**Answer:**

**2. **(ii) 86 > 79 or 79 < 86

(iii) 76 > 59 or 59 < 76

(iv) 16 > 14 or 14 < 16

(v) 83 > 28 or 28 < 83

(vi) 90 > 50 or 50 < 90

(vii) 83 > 72 or 72 < 83

(viii) 45 > 36 or 36 < 45

(ix) 58 > 28 or 28 < 58

(x) 89 > 62 or 62 < 89

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