In comparing ratios we will learn how to arrange the ratios.
How to Compare Ratios?
To compare two ratios, follow these steps:
Step I: Make the second term of both the ratios equal.
For this, determine the LCM of the second terms of the ratios. Divide the LCM by the second term of each ratio. Multiply the numerator and the denominator of each ratio by the quotient.
Step II: Compare the first terms (numerators) of the new ratios.
1. Which of the following ratios is grater?
Compare the ratios 3 : 4 and 1 : 2.
LCM of the second terms, i.e., 4 and 2 = 4
Now, dividing the LCM by the second term of each ratio, we get 4 ÷ 4 = 1, and 4 ÷ 2 = 2
Therefore, \(\frac{3}{4}\) = \(\frac{3 * 1}{4 * 1}\) = \(\frac{3}{4}\)
\(\frac{1}{2}\) = \(\frac{1 * 2}{2 * 2}\) = \(\frac{2}{4}\)
As 3 > 2, \(\frac{3}{4}\) > \(\frac{2}{4}\), i.e., 3 : 4 > 1 : 2
Therefore the ratio 3:4 is greater than the ratio 1:2 according to the ratio comparison rules.
2. Which of the following ratios is grater?
Compare the ratios 3 : 5 and 2 : 11.
LCM of the second terms, i.e., 5 and 11 = 55
Now, dividing the LCM by the second term of each ratio, we get 55 ÷ 5 = 11, and 55 ÷ 11 = 5
Therefore, \(\frac{3}{5}\) = \(\frac{3 * 11}{5 * 11}\) = \(\frac{33}{55}\)
\(\frac{2}{11}\) = \(\frac{2 * 5}{11 * 5}\) = \(\frac{10}{55}\)
As 33 > 10, \(\frac{3}{5}\) > \(\frac{2}{11}\), i.e., 3 : 5 > 2 : 11.
Therefore the ratio 3 : 5 is greater than the ratio 2 : 11 according to the ratio comparison rules.
To compare two or more given ratios, follow the steps given below:
Step I: Write each one of the given ratios in the form of a fraction in the simplest form.
Step II: Convert these fractions into like fractions and then compare.
3. Compare the ratios 4 : 7 and 5 : 8.
Solution:
4 : 7 = \(\frac{4}{7}\) and 5 : 8 = \(\frac{5}{8}\)
LCM of 7 and 8 is 56.
\(\frac{4}{7}\) = \(\frac{4 × 8}{7 × 8}\) = \(\frac{32}{56}\) and \(\frac{5}{8}\) = \(\frac{5 × 7}{8 × 7}\) = \(\frac{35}{56}\)
Clearly, \(\frac{35}{56}\) > \(\frac{32}{56}\)
⟹ \(\frac{5}{8}\) > \(\frac{4}{7}\)
⟹ 5 : 8 > 4 : 7
Hence, 5 : 8 > 4 : 7
4. Write the following ratios in ascending order 4 : 3, 7 : 10, 4 : 7.
Solution:
4 : 3 = \(\frac{4}{3}\); 7 : 10 = \(\frac{7}{10}\) and 4 : 7 = \(\frac{4}{7}\).
LCM of 3, 7 and 10 = 210
\(\frac{4}{3}\) = \(\frac{4 × 70}{3 × 70}\) = \(\frac{280}{210}\)
\(\frac{7}{10}\) = \(\frac{7 × 21}{10 × 21}\) = \(\frac{147}{210}\)
\(\frac{4}{7}\) = \(\frac{4 × 30}{7 × 30}\) = \(\frac{120}{210}\)
Now \(\frac{120}{210}\) < \(\frac{147}{210}\) < \(\frac{280}{210}\)
⟹ \(\frac{4}{7}\) < \(\frac{7}{10}\) < \(\frac{4}{3}\)
⟹ 4 : 7 < 7 : 10 < 4 : 3
Hence, 4 : 7 < 7 : 10 < 4 : 3
1. Which of the following ratio is larger?
(i) 3 : 4 or 9 : 16
(ii) 15 : 16 or 24 : 25
(iii) 4 : 7 or 5 : 8
(iv) 9 : 20 or 8 : 13
(v) 1 : 2 or 13 : 27
Answer:
1. (i) 3 : 4 > 9 : 16
(ii) 15 : 16 < 24 : 25
(iii) 4 : 7 < 5 : 8
(iv) 9 : 20 < 8 : 13
(v) 1 : 2 > 13 : 27
● Ratio and proportion
Didn't find what you were looking for? Or want to know more information about Math Only Math. Use this Google Search to find what you need.
Oct 10, 24 05:15 PM
Oct 10, 24 10:06 AM
Oct 10, 24 03:19 AM
Oct 09, 24 05:16 PM
Oct 08, 24 10:53 AM
New! Comments
Have your say about what you just read! Leave me a comment in the box below. Ask a Question or Answer a Question.