Area of a Rectangle

Area of a rectangle is discussed here. We know, that a rectangle has length and breadth.

Let us look at the rectangle given below.

Area of Regular Figures

Each rectangle is made of squares. The side of each square is 1 cm long. The area of each square is 1 square centimeter.

The rectangle ABCD has 8 such squares. Therefore, its area is 8 sq cm. Similarly we can find the areas of the other rectangles by counting the number of squares. We also note the length and breadth of each rectangle and write in the table below:

Rectangle

ABCD

LMNO

PQRS

Area

8 sq. cm

12 sq. cm

6 sq. cm

Length

4 cm

4 cm

2 cm

Breadth

2 cm

3 cm

3 cm

Length × Breadth

4 cm × 2 cm = 8 cm2

4 cm × 3 cm = 12 cm2

2 cm × 3 cm = 6 cm2

In each case we observe the length × breadth = Area of the rectangle.

Therefore, area of rectangle = length × breadth = l × b sq. units

From the above multiplication, we get the following facts:

Length of the rectangle = \(\frac{\textrm{Area of the Rectangle}}{\textrm{Breadth of the Rectangle}}\)

Breadth of the rectangle = \(\frac{\textrm{Area of the Rectangle}}{\textrm{Length of the Rectangle}}\)


Consider the following figures:

(i)

Area of a Rectangle

Area of each small square = 1 sq cm

Area of rectangle in figure 1 by counting the squares = 6 sq. cm

Area = 6 square cm

Length of rectangle = 3 cm

Breadth of rectangle = 2 cm

Area = 3 × 2 = 6 sq. cm


(ii) 

Area of a Rectangle

Area of each small square = 1 sq cm

Area of rectangle in figure 2 by counting the squares = 10 sq. cm

Area = 10 square cm

Length of rectangle = 5 cm

Breadth of rectangle = 2 cm

Area = 5 × 2 = 10 sq. cm


Hence, area of rectangle = length × breadth

A = l × b where, A is the area, l and b are length and breadth of a rectangle.


Let us find the area of a rectangle having length 5 cm and breadth 4 cm.

Area of Rectangle

From the above figure, it is clear that we can divide this rectangle into 20 squares of sides 1 cm each. So, the area = 20 cm2

Thus the area of the rectangle = 5 cm × 4 cm

                                             = 20 cm2

So when we multiply its length and breadth we get the area of the rectangle.


Solved examples to find the area of a rectangle when length and breadth are given:

1. Ron’s kitchen is 5 meter long and 3 meter broad. Find the area of the floor of the kitchen.

Solution:

Area = length × breadth

       = 5 × 3

       = 15 sq. m


2. Find the area of a rectangle of length 12 cm and breadth 3 cm.

Solution:

Length (l) of the rectangle = 12 cm.

Breadth (b) of the rectangle = 3 cm.

Area of the rectangle = length × breadth 

                               = 12 × 3 sq cm.

                               = 36 sq cm.


3. Find the area of a rectangle of length 15 cm and breadth 6 cm.

Solution:

Length of the rectangle = 15 cm.

Breadth of the rectangle = 6 cm.

Area of the rectangle = l × b

                               = 15 × 6 sq cm.

                               = 90 sq cm.


4. Robert wants to paint the front wall of his house. The wall is 3 m long and 2.5 m broad. If the cost of painting is $ 120 per square metre, find the cost of painting the wall.

Solution:

Length of the wall = 3 m

Breadth of the wall = 2.5 m

Area of the wall = 3 × 2.5 sq. m

                       = 7.5 sq. m

The cost for per square metre painting is $ 120.

Therefore, the cost for 7.5 sq. m painting is $7.5 × 120 = $ 900


5. Find the area of a rectangle of length 17 cm and breadth 9 cm.

Solution:

The length of the rectangle = 17 cm.

the breadth of the rectangle = 9 cm.

The Area of the rectangle = l × b

                                     = 17 × 9 sq cm.

                                     = 153 sq cm.


6. A tennis court is 24 m long and 8 m broad. Find its area.

Solution:

The length of the tennis court = 24 m

The breadth of the tennis court = 8 m

Therefore, the area of the tennis court = 24 × 8 sq m.

                                                        = 192 sq. m



7. Find the area of a rectangle of length 24 mm and breadth 8 mm.

Solution:

Length of the rectangle = 24 mm.

Breadth of the rectangle = 8 mm.

Area of the rectangle = l × b

                               = 24 × 8 sq mm.

                               = 192 sq mm.


8. Find the area of a rectangle of length 37 mm and breadth 19 mm.

Solution:

Length of the rectangle = 37 mm.

Breadth of the rectangle = 19 mm.

Area of the rectangle = l × b

                               = 37 × 19 sq mm.

                               = 703 sq mm.


9. Mike has a rectangular garden of length 15 m and breadth 10 m. Her friend Adam has a square garden of side 12 m. whose garden is bigger and by how much?

Solution:

Length of Mike’s garden = 15 m

Breadth of Mike’s garden = 10 m

Area of Mike’s garden = 15 × 10 sq. m = 150 sq m

Area of Adam’s garden = 12 × 12 = 144 sq. m

Hence, Mike’s garden is bigger.


Questions and Answers on Area of a Rectangle:

Find the area of the given rectangles.

(i) Length = 4 cm, Breadth = 7 cm

(ii) Length = 15 cm, Breadth = 4 cm

(iii) Length = 4.2 m, Breadth = 50 cm

(iv) Length = 1 m 40 cm, Breadth = 5 m 50 cm

(v) Length = 65 mm, Breadth = 21 mm


Answers:

(i) 28 sq. cm

(ii) 60 sq. cm

(iii) 21,000 sq. cm

(iv) 7.7 sq. m

(v) 1365 sq. mm

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