Measurement of Capacity

We will learn basic concept of measurement of capacity.

The amount of water or any liquid that a vessel can hold is called its Capacity.



This pot can hold 5 cups of water.

Measurement of Capacity


This bottle can hold 3 glasses of water.

Measurement of Capacity


This bucket can hold 5 pots of water.

Measurement of Capacity

The larger vessel can hold more water than a smaller vessel.

We can measure capacity of one vessel by using another vessel.


Circle the vessel in each set which holds more water.

Measurement of Capacity


Arrange the vessels in the order from smallest to the largest capacity.

Smallest to the Largest Capacity

We know that capacity means how much a vessel can hold. A cup can be filled with 20 spoons of water means that capacity of cup in 20 spoons.

Capacity of a Cup

We can measure the capacity of a vessel by filling it up with water or any liquid using another vessel.

Colour the number of vessels needed to fill the given vessel. One has been done for you.

1st Grade Capacity
1st Grade Capacity

One bottle can hold 3 glasses of water.


Capacity of 3 bottles is _____ glasses.

1st Grade Capacity
1st Grade Capacity

One water-can can hold 2 bottles of water.


Capacity of 4 water cans is _____ bottles.

1st Grade Capacity
1st Grade Capacity

One large water bottle can hold 4 cups of water.

Capacity of 2 large bottles is _____ cups.


Look at these jugs.

Bigger and Smaller Jugs

How much water do you think will fill up the bigger jug?

Let us start filling up the smaller jug with water from a water tap.

Jug with Water -Volume

Put the water of smaller jug into the bigger one. Repeat and count how many times you do this till the bigger jug is full of water. If you did this 5 times, then we say that the capacity of bigger jug is 5 times the capacity of smaller jug.

Capacity of a container is the amount of water or some other liquid, like milk, that it can take to be full. Look at the bottle and the jug on the right. We use both of them to store water, milk, etc.

Volume of Milk and Water Measurement

Which one can hold more water?

Fill the bottle with water using a small mug. We need 2 mugs to fill the bottle. Now fill the jug. We need 6 mugs to fill the jug. So the jug can hold more water than the bottle.

Greater Capacity

We say the jug has greater capacity than the bottle.


If your Mom wants to fill your bathtub with water, which container will she use?

Volume Measurement

Oh! Yes, she will prefer to use bucket. Bucket will hold more water than the mug. She will pour many buckets full.


Which container holds more water-left, middle or right?

More Volume Measurement

Answer: Right


Which bottle is full-the one on the left or the one on the right?

Empty or Full Bottle

Answer: Right


Suppose a guest visits your home. He says that he is feeling very thirsty. In which of the following glasses will you serve him the water?

Glasses Of Water - Volume

Answer: 1


Which glass will you offer to the guest who is of your age?

Answer: 4


Questions on Measurement of Capacity:

1. Tick the vessel in each set that can hold more milk.

Capacity of Different Vessels


2. Tick the vessel which is not filled to it’s full capacity.

Full Capacity


3. Tick the vessel you will use to measure the capacity.

Measure the Capacity


4. Write T for true and F for false.

(i) We can measure liquids using a vessel.

(ii) Capacity of vessel can be measured using another vessel.



5. Match the following:

(a) capacity of this bucket is 10 mugs.



(b) capacity of this pot is 10 mugs.


(c) capacity of this bottle is 2 glasses.



(d) capacity of this jug is 5 glasses.



6. Look at this picture and choose the correct word to answer the question.

Capacity of a Bottle and a Pot

(i) Capacity of the bottle is ………….. than that of the pot. (more / less)

(ii) Capacity of the pot is ………….. than that of the bottle. (more / less)


7. Aaron is able to fill a jug with 5 cups of water. Nancy fills the same jug with 10 cups of water. Think and answer whose cup holds less water?


8. Ron is pouring water from his water battle to a glass, he finds that some more water is left in the bottle. He fills one more glass from his water bottle. There is no more water left in the bottle. Think and answer what is the capacity of the bottle.

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