Triangle is one of the basic shape in geometry.

We know that we can mark many points on any given line.

Points on a Line

Three or more points which lie on the same line are called collinear points.

Collinear Points

Above, points A, B, C and D which lie on the same line collinear points.

But in the figure below, only two points A and D lied on the line. Points B, E, C and F do not lie on that line.

Collinear Points

Hence, these points A, B, C, D, E, F are called non - collinear points.

If we join three non - collinear points L, M and N lie on the plane of paper, then we will get a closed figure bounded by three line segments LM, MN and NL. This closed figure is called a Triangle.

The three line segments of a triangle are also known as sides of the triangle.

Triangle LMN

This triangle is named as ∆ LMN with its side as LM, MN and NL and three vertices as L, M and N.

The three angles named as ∠ LMN, ∠MNL and ∠ NLM are the angles of the triangle.

Three angles are denoted by ∠M, ∠N and ∠L respectively.

The three angles and the three sides of a triangle are together called the six parts or elements of the triangle.

Thus, a closed figure bounded by three line segments is called a triangle.

is the symbol to denote a triangle.

Note: A triangle has 6 elements: Three sides and three angles.

Elements of the Triangle

Thus 1. A triangle is named in three different ways

(i) ∆LMN or (ii) ∆MNL or (iii) ∆NLM

2. Vertices of ∆LMN are L, M, N.

3. Angles of ∆LMN are ∠L, ∠M and ∠N.

4. Line segments of ∆LMN are LM, MN, NL.

The side LM is the base of the ∆ NLM. ∠N opposite to the base LM is called the Vertical angle of the triangle.

∠N and ∠M adjacent to the base LM are called Base angles.

If we add up the three sides of a triangle, we get its perimeter.

Thus the perimeter of the ∆LMN = LM + MN + NL.

Note: Therefore, a triangle has:

Three line segments,

Three vertices,

Three angles.


Classification of Triangle.

Properties of Triangle.

Worksheet on Triangle.

To Construct a Triangle whose Three Sides are given.

To Construct a Triangle when Two of its Sides and the included Angles are given.

To Construct a Triangle when Two of its Angles and the included Side are given.

To Construct a Right Triangle when its Hypotenuse and One Side are given.

Worksheet on Construction of Triangles.

5th Grade Geometry Page

5th Grade Math Problems

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