Suppose an Express train leaves the station A at 0900 hours. It runs nonstop and reaches the station B at 1100 hours. So the Express train take 2 hours to cover the distance. A Mail train covers the distance between these stations in 3 hours. If the distance between the two stations is 120 km, which train travels faster?

To find this, we use the unitary method.

The distance covered by the Express train in 2 hours = 120 km

The distance covered by the Express train in 1 hour = \(\frac{120}{2}\) km = 60 km

The distance covered by the Mail train in 3 hours = 120 km

The distance covered by the Mail train in 1 hour = \(\frac{120}{3}\) km = 40 km

So, the Express train travels more distance than the Mail train in 1 hour. Hence, the Express train travels faster than the Mail train. We say that the Express train has greater speed than the Mail train.

**Speed:** The distance travelled by a body or vehicle in a unit
time is known as its speed.

Speed = \(\frac{\textrm{Distance (in unit of length)}}{\textrm{Time (in unit of time)}}\)

**Average Speed:** The total distance covered by a body divided
by the total time taken by the body is known as average speed.

Average Speed = \(\frac{\textrm{Total distance travelled}}{\textrm{Total Time Taken}}\)

and

Speed = \(\frac{\textrm{Total Distance Covered}}{\textrm{Total time taken-time of stoppage}}\)= \(\frac{\textrm{Distance}}{\textrm{Time}}\)

If there is no stoppage, that is, the time of stoppage is zero, the average speed equals the speed.

Solved examples on speed distance and time:

**1.** Nancy travelled a distance of 455 km by car in 10
hours. Find the speed of the car.

Distance travelled by car = 455 km

Time taken = 10 hours

Therefore, speed = \(\frac{\textrm{Distance}}{\textrm{Time}}\)

= \(\frac{455}{10}\) km/hr

= 45.5 km per hour

**2.** Find the speed and average speed of a train which leaves
Madras at 1 p.m. and reaches Vijayawada in the same day at 9 p.m. The distance
between the two stations is 432 km and the total time for stoppage is 2 hours
between these stations.

Total time taken = 9 -1, that is, 8 hours;

Time of stoppage = 2 hours, that is, actual time taken = 8 hours - 2 hours = 6 hours

Speed = \(\frac{\textrm{Distance}}{\textrm{Time}}\)

= \(\frac{432 km}{6 hr}\)

= \(\frac{432}{6}\)

= 72 km/hr

Average speed = \(\frac{\textrm{Total Distance}}{\textrm{Total Time}}\)

= \(\frac{432}{8}\) km/hr

= 54 km/hr

**3.** A car travels a distance of 595 km in 8 ½ hours. What is
its speed?

Distance travelled = 595 km

Time taken to travel this distance = 8\(\frac{1}{2}\) hours = \(\frac{17}{2}\) hours

Speed of the car = \(\frac{\textrm{Distance}}{\textrm{Time}}\)

= \(\frac{\frac{595}{17}}{2}\) km/hour

= \(\frac{592 × 2}{17}\)

= 70 km/hr

Therefore, the speed of the car = 70 km/hour.

Express Speed in Different Units

To find Speed when Distance and Time are given.

To find the Distance when Speed and Time are given.

To find Time when Distance and Speed are given.

Worksheet on Expressing Speed in Different Units

Worksheet on Speed, Distance and Time.

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