We will discuss how to find the equation of the parabola whose vertex at a given point and axis is parallel to x-axis.
Let A (h, k) be the vertex of the parabola, AM is the axis of the parabola which is parallel to x-axis. The distance between the vertex and focus is AS = a and let P (x, y) be any point on the required parabola.
Now we shift the origin of co-ordinate system at A. Draw two
mutually perpendicular straight lines AM and AN through
the point A as x and y-axes respectively.
According to the new co-ordinate axes (x', y ') be the co-ordinates of P. Therefore, the equation of the parabola is (y')\(^{2}\) = 4ax' (a > 0) …………….. (i)
Therefore, we get,
AM = x' and PM = y'
Also, OR = h, AR = k, OQ = x, PQ = y
Again, y = PQ
= PM + MQ
= PM + AR
= y' + k
Therefore, y' = y - k
And, x = OQ = OR + RQ
= OR + AM
= h + x'
Therefore, x' = x - h
Now putting the value of x' and y' in (i) we get
(y - k)\(^{2}\) = 4a(x - h), which is the equation of the required parabola.
The equation (y - k)\(^{2}\) = 4a(x - h) represents the equation of a parabola whose co-ordinate of the vertex is at (h, k), the co-ordinates of the focus are (a + h, k), the distance between its vertex and focus is a, the equation of directrix is x - h = - a or, x + a = h, the equation of the axis is y = k, the axis is parallel to positive x-axis, the length of its latus rectum = 4a, co-ordinates of the extremity of the latus rectum are (h + a, k + 2a) and (h + a, k - 2a) and the equation of tangent at the vertex is x = h.
Solved example to find the equation of the parabola with its vertex at a given point and axis is parallel to x-axis:
Find the axis, co-ordinates of vertex and focus, length of latus rectum and the equation of directrix of the parabola y\(^{2}\) + 4x + 2y - 11 = 0.
Solution:
The given parabola y\(^{2}\) + 4x + 2y - 11 = 0.
y\(^{2}\) + 4x + 2y - 11 = 0
⇒ y\(^{2}\) + 2y + 1 - 1 + 4x - 11 = 0
⇒ (y + 1)\(^{2}\) = -4x + 12
⇒ {y - (-1)}\(^{2}\) = -4(x - 3)
⇒ {y - (-1)}\(^{2}\) = 4 ∙ (-1) (x - 3) …………..(i)
Compare the above equation (i) with standard form of parabola (y - k)\(^{2}\) = 4a(x - h), we get, h = 3, k = -1 and a = -1.
Therefore, the axis of the given parabola is along parallel to negative x-axis and its equation is y = - 1 i.e., y + 1 = 0.
The co-ordinates of its vertex are (h, k) i.e., (3, -1).
The co-ordinates of its focus are (h + a, k) i.e., (3 - 1, -1) i.e., (2, -1).
The length of its latus rectum = 4 units
The equation of its directrix is x + a = h i.e., x - 1 = 3 i.e., x - 1 - 3 = 0 i.e., x - 4 = 0.
● The Parabola
11 and 12 Grade Math
From Parabola whose Vertex at a given Point and Axis is Parallel to x-axis to HOME PAGE
Didn't find what you were looking for? Or want to know more information about Math Only Math. Use this Google Search to find what you need.
Apr 15, 24 01:29 AM
Apr 15, 24 01:13 AM
Apr 14, 24 03:06 PM
Apr 14, 24 02:23 PM
Apr 14, 24 02:01 PM