Repeated addition by 3’s means the multiplication table of 3.

(i) When 4 groups having three starfish each.

By repeated addition we can show 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 = 12

Then, three 4 times or 4 threes

4 × 3 = 12

Therefore, there are 12 starfish.

(ii) When there are 8 boxes which contain three pencils in each box.

By repeated addition we can show 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 + 3 = 24

Then, three 8 times or 8 threes

8 × 3 = 24

Therefore, there are 24 pencils.

We will learn how to use the number line for counting the multiplication table of 3.

(i) Start at 0. Hop 3, two times. Stop at **6**.

2 threes are 6 2 × 3 = 6

(ii) Start at 0. Hop 3, six times.

Stop at ____. Thus, it will be 18

6 threes are 18 6 × 3 = 18

(iii) Start at 0. Hop 3, eleven times.

Stop at ____. Thus, it will be 33

11 threes are 33 11 × 3 = 33

How to read and write the table of 3?

The above diagram will help us to read and write the 3 times table.

1 three is 3 2 threes are 6 3 threes are 9 4 threes are 12 5 threes are 15 6 threes are 18 7 threes are 21 8 threes are 24 9 threes are 27 10 threes are 30 11 threes are 33 12 threes are 36 |
1 × 3 = 3 2 × 3 = 6 3 × 3 = 9 4 × 3 = 12 5 × 3 = 15 6 × 3 = 18 7 × 3 = 21 8 × 3 = 24 9 × 3 = 27 10 × 3 = 30 11 × 3 = 33 12 × 3 = 36 |

Now we will learn how to do forward counting and backward counting by 3’s.

**Forward counting by 3’s:**
0, 3, 6, 9, 12, 15, 18, 21, 24, 27, 30, 33, 36, 39, 42, 45, 48, 51, 54, 57, 60,
63, 66, 69, 72, 75, ……

**Backward counting by 3’s:**
……, 75, 72, 69, 66, 63, 60, 57, 54, 51, 48, 45, 42, 39, 36, 33, 30, 27, 24, 21,
18, 15, 12, 9, 6, 3, 0.

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