We will learn the comparison of rational numbers. We know how to compare two integers and also two fractions. We know that every positive integer is greater than zero and every negative integer is less than zero. Also every positive integer is greater than every negative integer.
Similar to the comparison of integers, we have the following facts about how to compare the rational numbers.
(i) Every positive rational number is greater than 0.
(ii) Every negative rational number is less than 0.
(iii) Every positive rational number is greater than every negative rational number.
(iv) Every rational number represented by a point on the number line is greater than every rational number represented by points on its left.
(v) Every rational number represented by a point on the number line is less than every rational number represented by paints on its right.
How to compare the two rational
numbers?
In order to compare any two rational numbers, we can use the following steps:
Step I: Obtain the given
rational numbers.
Step II: Write the given rational numbers so that their denominators are positive.
Step III: Find the LCM of the positive denominators of the rational numbers obtained in step II.
Step IV: Express each rational number (obtained in step II) with the LCM (obtained in step III) as common denominator.
Step V: Compare the numerators of rational numbers obtained in step having greater numerator is the greater rational number.
Solved examples on comparison of rational numbers:
1. Which of the two rational numbers \(\frac{3}{5}\) and \(\frac{-2}{3}\) is greater?
Solution:
Clearly \(\frac{3}{5}\) is a positive rational number and \(\frac{-2}{3}\) is a negative rational number. We know that every positive rational number is greater than every negative rational number.
Therefore, \(\frac{3}{5}\) > \(\frac{-2}{3}\).
2. Which of the numbers \(\frac{3}{-4}\) and \(\frac{-5}{6}\) is greater?
Solution:
First we write each of the given numbers with positive denominator.
One number = \(\frac{3}{-4}\) = \(\frac{3 × (-1)}{(-4) × (-1)}\) = \(\frac{-3}{4}\).
The other number = \(\frac{-5}{6}\).
L.C.M. of 4 and 6 = 12
Therefore, \(\frac{-3}{4}\) = \(\frac{(-3) × 3}{4 × 3}\) = \(\frac{-9}{12}\) and \(\frac{-5}{6}\) = \(\frac{(-5) × 2}{6 × 2}\) = \(\frac{-10}{12}\)
Clearly, \(\frac{-9}{12}\) > \(\frac{-10}{12}\)
Hence, \(\frac{3}{-4}\) > \(\frac{-5}{6}\).
3. Which of the two rational numbers \(\frac{5}{7}\) and \(\frac{3}{5}\) is greater?
Solution:
Clearly, denominators o f the given rational numbers are positive. The denominators are 7 and 5. The LCM of 7 and 5 is 35. So, we first express each rational number with 35 as common denominator.
Therefore, \(\frac{5}{7}\) = \(\frac{5 × 7}{7 × 7}\) = \(\frac{25}{49}\) and \(\frac{3}{5}\) = \(\frac{3 × 7}{5 × 7}\) = \(\frac{21}{35}\)
Now, we compare the numerators of these rational numbers.
Therefore, 25 > 21
⇒ \(\frac{25}{49}\) > \(\frac{21}{35}\) ⇒ \(\frac{5}{7}\) > \(\frac{3}{5}\).
4. Write of the two rational numbers \(\frac{-4}{9}\) and \(\frac{5}{-12}\) is greater?
Solution:
First we write each one of the given rational numbers with positive denominator.
Clearly, denominator of \(\frac{-4}{9}\) is positive. The denominator of \(\frac{5}{-12}\) is negative.
So, we express it with positive denominator as follows:
\(\frac{5}{-12}\) = \(\frac{5 × (-1)}{(-12) × (-1)}\) = \(\frac{-5}{12}\), [Multiplying the numerator and denominator by -1]
Now, LCM of denominators 9 and 12 is 36.
We write the rational numbers so that they have a common denominator 36 as follows:
\(\frac{-4}{9}\) = \(\frac{(-4) × 4}{9 × 4}\) = \(\frac{-16}{36}\) and, \(\frac{-5}{12}\) = \(\frac{(-5) × 3}{12 × 3}\) = \(\frac{-15}{36}\)
Therefore, -15 > -16 ⇒ \(\frac{-15}{36}\) > \(\frac{-16}{36}\) ⇒ \(\frac{-5}{12}\) > \(\frac{-4}{9}\) ⇒ \(\frac{5}{-12}\) > \(\frac{-4}{9}\).
● Rational Numbers
Introduction of Rational Numbers
Is Every Rational Number a Natural Number?
Is Every Rational Number an Integer?
Is Every Rational Number a Fraction?
Equivalent form of Rational Numbers
Rational Number in Different Forms
Properties of Rational Numbers
Lowest form of a Rational Number
Standard form of a Rational Number
Equality of Rational Numbers using Standard Form
Equality of Rational Numbers with Common Denominator
Equality of Rational Numbers using Cross Multiplication
Comparison of Rational Numbers
Rational Numbers in Ascending Order
Rational Numbers in Descending Order
Representation of Rational Numbers on the Number Line
Rational Numbers on the Number Line
Addition of Rational Number with Same Denominator
Addition of Rational Number with Different Denominator
Properties of Addition of Rational Numbers
Subtraction of Rational Number with Same Denominator
Subtraction of Rational Number with Different Denominator
Subtraction of Rational Numbers
Properties of Subtraction of Rational Numbers
Rational Expressions Involving Addition and Subtraction
Simplify Rational Expressions Involving the Sum or Difference
Multiplication of Rational Numbers
Properties of Multiplication of Rational Numbers
Rational Expressions Involving Addition, Subtraction and Multiplication
Reciprocal of a Rational Number
Rational Expressions Involving Division
Properties of Division of Rational Numbers
Rational Numbers between Two Rational Numbers
8th Grade Math Practice
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● Rational Numbers - Worksheets
Worksheet on Equivalent Rational Numbers
Worksheet on Lowest form of a Rational Number
Worksheet on Standard form of a Rational Number
Worksheet on Equality of Rational Numbers
Worksheet on Comparison of Rational Numbers
Worksheet on Representation of Rational Number on a Number Line
Worksheet on Adding Rational Numbers
Worksheet on Properties of Addition of Rational Numbers
Worksheet on Subtracting Rational Numbers
Worksheet on Addition and
Subtraction of Rational Number
Worksheet on Rational Expressions Involving Sum and Difference
Worksheet on Multiplication of Rational Number
Worksheet on Properties of Multiplication of Rational Numbers
Worksheet on Division of Rational Numbers
Worksheet on Properties of Division of Rational Numbers
Worksheet on Finding Rational Numbers between Two Rational Numbers
Worksheet on Word Problems on Rational Numbers