Subtraction of 3-digit numbers with regrouping are explained here with examples.
As you borrow from the tens column, you can borrow from the hundreds column also.
REmember:
1 ten = 10 ones
1 hundred = 10 tens
Solved Examples on Subtraction of 3-Digit Numbers with Regrouping:
1. Subtract 674 – 458 Step I: Arrange the numbers vertically. Step II: Subtract the ones column. Since, 8 > 4 and we cannot subtract 8 from 4. So, we regroup 7 tens and 4 ones. Now, 7 tens + 4 ones = 6 tens and 14 ones. 14 – 8 = 6 ones Step III: Subtract the tens column. 6 – 5 = 1 tens Step IV: Subtract the hundreds column. 6 – 4 = 2 hundreds. |
Thus, 674 – 458 = 216 |
2. Subtract 747 – 489.
Step I: Arrange the numbers vertically. Step II: Subtract the ones column. Since, 9 > 7 and we cannot subtract 9 from 7. So, we regroup 4 tens and 7ones. Now, 4 tens + 7 ones = 3 tens and 17 ones. 17 – 9 = 8 ones Step III: Subtract the tens column. Since, 1 ten is regrouped by ones column, so we are left with 4 – 1 = 3 tens. We cannot subtract 8 from 3. So, we regroup 7 hundreds and 3 tens. Now, 7 hundreds + 3 tens = 6 hundreds and 13 tens. 13 – 8 = 5 tens Step IV: Subtract the hundreds column. 6 – 4 = 2 hundreds. |
Thus, 747 - 489 = 258 |
Word Problems on Subtraction of 3-Digit Numbers with Regrouping:
3. There are 705 birds living in the garden. During winters, 438 flew away. How many birds were left in the garden?
Solution:
Birds in the garden = 705
Birds flew away during winters = 438
4. There are 600 flowers in Toby's garden and 256 flowers in Ehsan's garden. How many more flowers are there in Toby's garden?
Solution:
We have to subtract 256 from 600.
Step I:
First borrow 1 hundred for tens column.
Now, we have 10 tens.
Again borrow 1 ten for ones column.
Now, we have 10 ones.
10 - 6 = 4 ones.
Write 4 in ones place.
Thus, there are 344 more flowers in Toby's garden.
I. Subtract the following:
(i) 625 - 56
(ii) 464 - 79
(iii) 552 - 88
(iv) 814 - 156
(v) 732 - 163
(vi) 406 - 387
(vii) 862 - 195
(viii) 608 - 125
(ix) 233 - 156
(x) 428 - 397
(xi) 786 - 397
(xii) 984 - 592
(xiii) 642 - 555
(xiv) 983 - 394
(xv) 437 - 157
(xvi) 840 - 800
Answers:
I. (i) 569
(ii) 385
(iii) 464
(iv) 658
(v) 569
(vi) 19
(vii) 667
(viii) 483
(ix) 77
(x) 31
(xi) 389
(xii) 372
(xiii) 87
(xiv) 589
(xv) 280
(xvi) 40
II. Subtract the numbers:
(i) 235 - 67
(ii) 652 - 285
(iii) 447 - 285
(iv) 672 - 87
(v) 805 - 299
(vi) 844 - 666
(vii) 554 - 368
(viii) 422 - 173
(ix) 892 – 509
Answers:
II. (i) 168
(ii) 367
(iii) 162
(iv) 585
(v) 506
(vi) 178
(vii) 186
(viii) 249
(ix) 383
III. Fill in the missing number. First one has been done for you.
Answers:
III. (ii) 7, 7
(iii) 7, 7
(iv) 13, 13
IV. Fill in the missing numbers:
Answers:
IV. (i) 3, 3
(ii) 4, 2
(iii) 0, 6
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