Congruent Angles

In congruent angles we will learn how to recognize that when two angles are congruent. 

In case of two angles having the same vertex:

Congruent Angles

Suppose ∠LOM = ∠PON having same vertex O. Now we will verify their congruence.

A straight line QOR is drawn through point O and a perpendicular xy is drawn on QOR at O.

With respect to the axis of reflection xy, ∠P’ON’ is the image of ∠PON. Now with centre of rotation O, OP’ is rotated through such an angle in anticlockwise direction, so that OP’ coincides with OM. Since ∠P’ON’ is rigid figure and equal to ∠LOM, ON’ falls on OL.

Therefore, ∠LOM ≅ ∠N’OP’ ≅ ∠NOP = ∠PON

Congruent Angle

With O as center of rotation, OP is rotated through such an angle (in anticlockwise direction) so that OP lies on OL. In the same manner ON being rotated equally, falls on OM.

Therefore, ∠LOM ≅ ∠PON


If two equal angles are at different positions but lie on the same plane.

Congruent Angles Image

∠LMN and ∠PQR are two equal angles at different positions but lie on the same plane.

Angles Sharing Common Vertex

Taking xy, the perpendicular bisector of MQ as the axis of reflection, the image of ∠PQR is ∠P’MR’.

Therefore, ∠P’MR’ ≅ ∠PQR

Now observe that ∠LMN and ∠P’MR’ are two equal angles sharing common vertex M.

Congruent Shapes

Congruent Line-segments

Congruent Angles

Congruent Triangles

Conditions for the Congruence of Triangles

Side Side Side Congruence

Side Angle Side Congruence

Angle Side Angle Congruence

Angle Angle Side Congruence

Right Angle Hypotenuse Side congruence

Pythagorean Theorem

Proof of Pythagorean Theorem

Converse of Pythagorean Theorem





7th Grade Math Problems

8th Grade Math Practice

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