We will learn how to solve Word Problems on quadratic equations by factoring.
1. The product of two numbers is 12. If their sum added to the sum of their squares is 32, find the numbers.
Solution:
Let the numbers be x and y.
As their product is 12, we get xy = 12 ..................... (i)
According to the question, x + y + x\(^{2}\) + y\(^{2}\) = 32 ..................... (ii)
From (i), y = \(\frac{12}{x}\)
Putting y = \(\frac{12}{x}\) in (ii), we get
x + \(\frac{12}{x}\) + x\(^{2}\) + (\(\frac{12}{x}\))\(^{2}\) = 32
⟹ (x + \(\frac{12}{x}\)) + (x + \(\frac{12}{x}\))\(^{2}\)  2 x ∙ \(\frac{12}{x}\) = 32
⟹ (x + \(\frac{12}{x}\))\(^{2}\) + (x + \(\frac{12}{x}\))  56 = 0
Putting x + \(\frac{12}{x}\) = t,
t\(^{2}\) + t  56 = 0
⟹ t\(^{2}\) + 8t – 7t – 56 = 0
⟹ t(t + 8)  7(t + 8) = 0
⟹ (t + 8)(t  7) = 0
⟹ t + 8 = 0 or, t – 7 = 0
⟹ t = 8 or, t = 7
When t = 8,
x + \(\frac{12}{x}\) = t = 8
⟹ x\(^{2}\) + 8x + 12 = 0
⟹ x\(^{2}\) + 6x + 2x + 12 = 0
⟹ x(x + 6) + 2(x + 6) = 0
⟹ (x + 6)(x + 2) = 0
⟹ x + 6 = 0 or, x + 2 = 0
⟹ x = 6 or, x = 2
When t = 7
x + \(\frac{12}{x}\) = t = 7
⟹ x\(^{2}\)  7x + 12 = 0
⟹ x\(^{2}\)  4x  3x + 12 = 0
⟹ x(x – 4)  3(x – 4) = 0
⟹ (x  4)(x  3) = 0
⟹ x  4 = 0 or, x  3 = 0
⟹ x = 4 or 3
Thus, x = 6, 2, 4, 3
Then, the other number y = \(\frac{12}{x}\) = \(\frac{12}{6}\), \(\frac{12}{2}\), \(\frac{12}{4}\), \(\frac{12}{3}\) = 2, 6, 3, 4.
Thus, the two numbers x, y are 6, 2, or 2, 6, or 4, 3 or 3, 4.
Therefore, the required two numbers are 6, 2 or 4, 3.
2. An association has a fund of $195. In addition that, each member of the association contributes the number of dollars equal to the number of members. The total money is divided equally among the members. If each of the members gets $ 28, find the number of members in the association.
Solution:
Let the number of members be x.
Total contributions from them = $ x\(^{2}\) and the association has a fund of $ 195.
According to the problem,
x\(^{2}\) + 195 = 28x
⟹ x\(^{2}\)  28x + 195 = 0
⟹ x\(^{2}\)  15x  13x + 195 = 0
⟹ x(x  15)  13(x  15) = 0
⟹ (x  15)(x  13) = 0
Therefore, x = 15 or 13
There are 15 or 13 members in the association.
Note: Two answers are acceptable in this case.
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