Cube



If a number is multiplied by itself three times, then the product is called the cube of that number.

To denote the cube of a number, 3 is written a little up to the right of the numbers.



Thus, 3 is the power of x and is read as “x cubed”.


Cube of a number:

When a number is multiplied three times by itself, the product obtained is called the cube of a number.

For a given numberm, we define, cube of m = m × m × m, denoted by m3.

For example:

(i) 23 = (2 × 2 × 2) = 8.

Thus, cube of 2 is 8.

(ii) 33 = (3 × 3 × 3) = 27.

Thus, cube of 3 is 27.

(iii)4 × 4 × 4 = 64, here 64 is the cube of 4.

(iv) 5 × 5 × 5 = 125, here 125 is the cube of 5.



Perfect cube:

A natural number (n) is said to be a perfect cube if (n = m3) it is the cube of some natural number.

For example:

13 =1,

23 = 8,

33 =27,

43 =64,

53 =125, etc.

Thus 1, 8, 27, 64, 125, etc. are perfect cubes.


A given natural number is a perfect cube if it can be expressed as the product of triplets of equal factors.

Cubes of negative integer:

The cube of a negative integer is always negative.

For example:

(-1)3 = (-1) × (-1) × (-1) = -1,

(-2)3 = (-2) × (-2) × (-2) = -8

(-3)3 = (-3) × (-3) × (-3) = -27, etc.

Cube of a rational number:

We have, (a/b) 3 = a/b × a/b × a/b = (a × a × a)/(b × b × b) = a3/b3

Hence, (a/b) 3 = a3/ b3

For example:

(i) (3/5) 3 = 33/5 3 = (3 × 3 × 3)/(5 × 5 × 5) = 27/125

(ii) (-2/3) 3 = (-2) 3/ 33 = {(-2) × (-2) × (-2)}/(3 × 3 × 3) = -8/27

Properties of cubes of numbers:

(i) The cube of every even natural number is even.

(ii) The cube of every odd natural number is odd.

Solved example to find perfect cubes step by step;

1. Show that 189 is not a perfect cube.

Solution:


Resolving 189 into prime factors, we get:










189 = 3 × 3 × 3 × 7

Making triplets, we find that one triplet is formed and we are left with one more factor.

Thus, 189 cannot be expressed as a product of triplets.

Hence, 189 is not a perfect cube.


2. Show that 216 is a perfect cube. Find the number whose cube is 216.

Solution:


Resolving 216 into prime factors, we get:












216 = 2 × 2 × 2 × 3 × 3 × 3 = (2 × 3) × (2 × 3) × (2 × 3)

= (6 × 6 × 6)

= 63

Thus, 216 is a perfect cube.

And, 6 is the number whose cube is 216.


3. What is the smallest number by which 3087 may be multiplied so that the product is a perfect cube?

Solution:


Writing 3087 as a product of prime factors, we have:











3087 = 3 × 3 × 7 × 7 × 7

Hence, to make it a perfect cube, it must be multiplied by 3.

4. What is the smallest number by which 392 may be divided so that the quotient is a perfect cube?

Solution:


Writing 392 as a product of prime factors, we have:











392 = 2 × 2 × 2 × 7 × 7

Clearly, to make it a perfect cube, it must be divided by (7 × 7), i.e., 49.


5. Find the cube of each of the following :

(i) (-70 )          (ii) 12/3          (iii) 2.5          (iv) 0.06

Solution:

(i) (-7)3


= (-7) × (-7) × (-7)

= -343


(ii) (12/3)3

= (5/3) 3

= 53/33

= (5 × 5 × 5)/(3 × 3 × 3)

= 125/27


(iii) (2.5)3

= (25/10)3

= (5/2)3

= 53/33

= (5× 5 × 5)/(3× 3× 3)

= 125/27



(iv) (0.06) 3

= (6/100)3

= (3/50)3 = 33/(50)3

= (3 × 3 × 3)/(50 × 50 × 50)

= 27/125000



Cube and Cube Roots
  • Cube
  • To Find if the Given Number is a Perfect Cube
  • Cube Root
  • Method for Finding the Cube of a Two-Digit Number
  • Table of Cube Roots

  • Cube and Cube Roots - Worksheets
  • Worksheet on Cube
  • Worksheet on Cube and Cube Root
  • Worksheet on Cube Root




  • 8th Grade Math Practice

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