The terms can be constant, variable or product or quotient of numbers and variables.
For example:
(i) 5 is a term , which is a constant
(ii) x is a term, which is a variable
(iii) 7x is a term, which is a product of a constant and a variable.
(iv) xy is a term, which is a product of two variables.
(v) 5ab is a term, which is a product of a constant and two variables.
(vi) 4/y is a term, which is a quotient of a constant and a variable.
(vii) x/y is a term, which is a quotient of two variables.
(viii) a/5 is a term, which is a quotient of a variable and a constant.
Factors of the terms:
When the numbers and literals are multiplied, we get the product then,
• Each quantity multiplied is called the factor of the product.
• Constant denotes the numerical factor.
• Variable denotes the literal factor.
For examples:
Write all the factors of 7mn.
7, m, n, 7m, 7n, mn, 7mn are the factors of 7mn.
Here, 7 is the numerical factor and m, n, mn are the literal factors.
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Adding and Subtracting Like Terms
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