# Properties of Multiplication of Literals

The properties of multiplication of literals are listed below.

Commutativity: For any two literals m and n, we have, mn = nm

i.e., the multiplication of literals is commutative.

Associativity: For any three literals m,n and o, we have ,

(mn)o = m(no)

i.e., the multiplication of literals is associative.

Identity: For any literal m, we have,

m × 1 = m =1 × m

Here ‘1’ is known as the multiplication identity.

Distributivity of Multiplication over addition: For any three literals m,n and o, we have

(i) m( n + o ) = mn + mo [‘Left distributivity’]

(ii) ( n + o )m = nm + om. [‘Right distributivity’]

Subtraction of Literals

Multiplication of Literals

Properties of Multiplication of Literals

Division of Literals

Powers of Literal Numbers