We will learn how to solve the word problems on division by 2-digit number. Here we will apply the same process when we divide a 1-digit number, 2-digit number, 3-digit number and 4-digit number by a 1-digit number and 2-digit number.

Let us remember the properties of division before solving the word problems.

(i) When the number is divided by 1 the quotient is always the number itself and the remainder is zero.

For example, 27 ÷ 1 = 27

(ii) When the number is divided by itself the quotient is 1 and the remainder is zero.

For example, 85 ÷ 85 = 1

(iii) When zero is divided by the number, the quotient and the remainder both are zero.

For example, 0 ÷ 63 = 0

Solved examples on division by 2-digit number:

**1.** Cost of 7 ice creams is $ 91.Find the cost of 3 ice
creams.

**Solution:**

Cost of 7 ice creams is $ 91

Therefore, cost of 1 ice cream is $ (91 ÷ 7)

= $ 13

So, the cost of 3 ice creams is $ (13 × 3) = $ 39

**2.** If 24 students collected $ 5088 for the physically
Challenged Children’s Fund. How much amount did each child contribute?

**Solution:**

Number of students = 24

Money collected by 24 students = $ 5088

Therefore, money collected by 1 student = $ (5088 ÷ 24)

= $ 212

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