We will discuss here about the metric measures of length, mass and capacity.
As we know, the standard units of length, weight and capacity are metre (m), gram (g) and litre (l) respectively. Kilometre (km) kilogram (kg) and kilolitre (kl) are the bigger units of length, weight and capacity respectively. The threebasic unit systems of measurement of length, mass and capacity is known as metric system.
This is decimal system based on the multiples of 10.
Measures of Length
10 millimetres (mm) 10 centimetres 10 decimetres 10 metres 10 decametres 10 hectometres 
= = = = = = 
1 centimetre (cm) 1 decimetre (dm) 1 metre (m) 1 decametre (dam) 1 hectometre (hm) 1 kilometre (km) 
Measures of Weight
10 milligrams (mg) 10 centigrams 10 decigrams 10 grams 10 decagrams 10 hectograms 
= = = = = = 
1 centigram (cg) 1 decigram (dg) 1 gram (g) 1 decagram (dag) 1 hectogram (hg) 1 kilogram (kg) 
Measures of Capacity
10 millilitres (ml) 10 centilitres 10 decilitres 10 litres 10 decalitres 10 hectolitres 
= = = = = = 
1 centilitre (cl) 1 decilitre (dl) 1 litre (l) 1 decalitre (dal) 1 hectolitre (hl) 1 kilolitre (kl) 
Thousand 1000 
Hundred 100 
Ten 10 
One 1 
Tenth 1/10 
Hundredth 1/100 
Thousandth 1/1000  
Metric Unit 
Kilo (x1000) 
Hecto (x100) 
Deca (x10) 
Basic Unit 
Deci (÷ 10) 
Centi (÷ 100) 
Milli (÷ 100) 
Mass 
Kilo gram 
Hecto gram 
Deca gram 
Gram 
Deci gram 
Centi gram 
Milli gram 
Length 
Kilo metre 
Hecto metre 
Deca metre 
Metre 
Deci metre 
Centi metre 
Milli metre 
Capacity 
Kilo litre 
Hecto litre 
Deca litre 
Litre 
Deci litre 
Centi litre 
Milli litre 
We can understand the metric system more clearly through the following table of metric measures.
From the above table of metric system we come to know that:
Deca means 10 times
Hecto means 100 times
Kilo means 1000 times
These are the bigger units of metric system
Deci means 1/10 times
Centi means 1/100 times
Millimeans 1/1000 times
These are the smaller units of metric system
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