We will discuss here about the metric measures of length, mass and capacity.

As we know, the standard units of length, weight and capacity are metre (m), gram (g) and litre (l) respectively. Kilometre (km) kilogram (kg) and kilolitre (kl) are the bigger units of length, weight and capacity respectively. The three-basic unit systems of measurement of length, mass and capacity is known as metric system.

This is decimal system based on the multiples of 10.

** Measures of Length**

10 millimetres (mm) 10 centimetres 10 decimetres 10 metres 10 decametres 10 hectometres |
= = = = = = |
1 centimetre (cm) 1 decimetre (dm) 1 metre (m) 1 decametre (dam) 1 hectometre (hm) 1 kilometre (km) |

** Measures of Weight**

10 milligrams (mg) 10 centigrams 10 decigrams 10 grams 10 decagrams 10 hectograms |
= = = = = = |
1 centigram (cg) 1 decigram (dg) 1 gram (g) 1 decagram (dag) 1 hectogram (hg) 1 kilogram (kg) |

** Measures of Capacity**

10 millilitres (ml) 10 centilitres 10 decilitres 10 litres 10 decalitres 10 hectolitres |
= = = = = = |
1 centilitre (cl) 1 decilitre (dl) 1 litre (l) 1 decalitre (dal) 1 hectolitre (hl) 1 kilolitre (kl) |

Thousand 1000 |
Hundred 100 |
Ten 10 |
One 1 |
Tenth 1/10 |
Hundredth 1/100 |
Thousandth 1/1000 | |

Metric Unit |
Kilo (x1000) |
Hecto (x100) |
Deca (x10) |
Basic Unit |
Deci (÷ 10) |
Centi (÷ 100) |
Milli (÷ 100) |

Mass |
Kilo- gram |
Hecto- gram |
Deca- gram |
Gram |
Deci- gram |
Centi- gram |
Milli- gram |

Length |
Kilo- metre |
Hecto- metre |
Deca- metre |
Metre |
Deci- metre |
Centi- metre |
Milli- metre |

Capacity |
Kilo- litre |
Hecto- litre |
Deca- litre |
Litre |
Deci- litre |
Centi- litre |
Milli- litre |

We can understand the metric system more clearly through the following table of metric measures.

From the above table of metric system we come to know that:

Deca means 10 times

Hecto means 100 times

Kilo means 1000 times

These are the bigger units of metric system

Deci means 1/10 times

Centi means 1/100 times

Millimeans 1/1000 times

These are the smaller units of metric system

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