We will learn division sharing and grouping.

Share eight strawberries between four children.

Let us distribute strawberries equally to all the four children one by one.

After distributing equally among four children, four strawberries were left. They can be further distributed among four children.

Now, there are no more strawberries left in the box. Each child got 2 strawberries. So, division is an operation of repeated subtracted of the same number.

8 – 4 = 4

4 – 4 = 0

Here, we have subtracted 4 repeatedly 2 times until we reached 0.

Hence, 8 strawberries ÷ 4 children = 2 strawberries for each child.

We can also say that 8 strawberries have been divided into 4 equal groups of 2.

So, 8 ÷ 4 = 2. This is called a division fact.

Questions and Answers on Division Sharing and Grouping:

**I. Divide the following:**

(i) Put flowers in vases equally and write the division sentence.

(ii) Put fishes equally in the tanks and write the division sentence.

**Answer:**

**I. **(i) 4 ÷ 4 = 1

(ii) 3 ÷ 3 = 1

**II. Make groups of 2 and complete the
division fact.**

………… bananas have been divided into ………… groups.

………… ÷ ………… = …………

………… flowers have been divided into ………… groups.

………… ÷ ………… = …………

………… balloons have been divided into ………… groups.

………… ÷ ………… = …………

**Snswer**

**III. Divide and complete the division fact.**

(i) Distribute 12 candies equally among 4 kids.

Each kid has ……….. candies.

So, 12 ÷ 4 = …………

(ii) Distribute 18 oranges equally among 3 boxes.

Each box has ……….. oranges.

So, 18÷3 = …………

(iii) Distribute 20 pencils in 4 pencil stands.

Each pencil stand has ……….. pencils.

So, 20÷ 4 = …………

**Answer:**

**III.** (i) 3

(ii) 6

(iii) 5

**IV. Divide by repeated subtraction:**

(i) 40 ÷ 5

(ii) 64 ÷ 8

(iii) 42 ÷ 7

(iv) 54 ÷ 9

**Answer:**

**IV.** (i) 8

(ii) 8

(iii) 6

(iv) 6

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