# Dividing 1-Digit Number

Here we will learn dividing 1-digit number.

It is Emily's birthday party. Emily has bought 12 balloons. Emily gives 1 balloon each to 4 of her friends John, David, Olivia and Sophia. they are helping her to decorate her room.

Emily has now 8 balloons with her. She gives 1 more balloon to each of her 4 friends again. She is left with 4 balloons now.

She decides to give 1 more balloon to all. Now, they have 3 balloons. Emily has got no more balloons left with her.

12 balloons have been equally distributed among 4 friends. Each of then have got 3 balloons.

Equal distribution is called division. The division fact is written with division symbol.

12 ÷ 4 = 3

Note: We use symbol '÷' for division.

We know that the repeated subtraction of the same number is expressed in short by division.

If there are 4 collections of lemons each having 2 lemons, how many lemons are there in total?

By the process of subtraction 2 is subtracted 4 times from 8 as 8 = 2 – 2 – 2 – 2 lemons.

By the process of division 8 ÷ 2 = 4 lemons

Thus, to get the answer we follow two process:

(i) Repeated subtraction and

(ii) Division

Hence, division and repeated subtraction of the same number are the same process.

Examples for dividing 1-digit number:

(i) Suppose a doctor gives his patient 8 tablets of medicine and asks him to take 2 tablets daily. How many days will the medicine continue?

First day the patient takes 2 tablets, 8 – 2 = 6 tablets will remain.

Second day the patient will take 2 tablets, 6 – 2 = 4 tablets will remain.

Third day the patient will take 2 tablets, 4 – 2 = 2tablets will remain.

Fourth day the patient will take 2 tablets, 2 – 2 = 0 tablets will remain.

Thus, 8 – 2 – 2 – 2 – 2 = 0

or, 8 – (2 + 2 + 2 + 2)

or, 8 – 8 = 0

The medicine lasts 4 days, as 2 is subtracted repeatedly 4 times from 8.

We see 2 is subtracted 4 times from 8.

 We can express it as 4 × 2 = 8 or 8 ÷ 2 = 4 It is said 8 divided by 2 = 4 or, 8 ÷ 2 = 4

(ii) There are 9 packs of cookies. How many children can get cookies, if 3 cookies are given to each child.

First child gets 3 packs of cookies so, 9 – 3 = 6 cookies remain

Second child gets 3 packs of cookies so, 6 – 3 = 3 cookies remain

Third child gets 3 packs of cookies so, 3 – 3 = 0 cookies remain

9 – 3 – 3 – 3 = 0

or, 9 – (3 + 3 + 3) = 0

or, 9 – 9 = 0

3 packs of cookies are taken out to give the number of children as 3.

 So, 3 times 3 = 9 or, 3 × 3 = 9 or, 9 ÷ 3 = 3Thus, 9 – 3 – 3 – 3 = 0 is the same as 9 ÷ 3 = 3.

Hence, repeated subtraction and division are the same process.

In actual process the dividend is divided by the divisor in the following ways:

The sign, ‘÷’ is called the sign of division as ‘×’ is the sign of multiplication, ‘+’ is the sign of addition and ‘-‘ is the sign of subtraction.

 Now 8 ÷ 2 = 4 is shown below. Similarly, 9 ÷ 3 = 3 is shown below.

Thus, we learned how the actual process is used when the dividend is divided by the divisor to find the quotient and remainder.

## You might like these

• ### Language of Addition | Total | Altogether | Plus | Add | Sum | In all

What are the languages of addition? The language of addition are total, total number, more than, altogether, together, plus, double, make, all, in all, add, increase, increased by, sum, and.

• ### 2nd Grade Math Practice | Second Grade Math |2nd Grade Math Worksheets

In 2nd grade math practice you will get all types of examples on different topics along with the solutions. Second grade math games are arranged in such a way that students can learn math

• ### 2nd Grade Practice Worksheet 1 | Addition |Subtraction |Multiplication

In 2nd grade practice worksheet 1 we will solve the problems on place value, expended form, ascending order, descending order, addition facts, subtraction fact, multiplication fact, division, division using reverse multiplication and different types of word problems.

• ### Division using Reverse Multiplication | Multiplication Table | Divide

We will learn how to do division using reverse multiplication.

• ### Divide on a Number Line | Various Division Problems | Solved Examples

How to divide on a number line? Learn to divide using number line to find the quotient. Solved examples to show divide on a number line: 1. Solve 14 ÷ 7 Solution: 7 is subtracted repeatedly

• ### Basic Division Facts | Division is the Inverse of Multiplication |Math

Some basic division facts are needed to follow for dividing numbers. The repeated subtraction of the same number is expressed by division in short form and in long form.

• ### Problem Solving on Multiplication | Multiplication Statement Problems

Problem solving on multiplication will help us to get the idea on how to solve the basic multiplication statement problems. 1. Three groups of ponies are eating. There are 2 ponies in each group.

• ### Find the Product using Multiplication Property | Product of any Number

How to find the product using multiplication property? 1. Order property When two numbers are multiplied we get a product. When the places of numbers are interchanged, their product remains the same

• ### Basic Multiplication Facts | Repeated Addition |Multiplication Process

Some basic multiplication facts are needed to follow for multiplying numbers. The repeated addition of the same number is expressed by multiplication in short.

• ### Multiplying 1-Digit Number | Multiplication of One-Digit Numbers

We know the process of multiplying 1-digit number by another 1-digit number. The multiplication of one-digit numbers is done with the help of the multiplication table of the number concerned.

2nd Grade Math Practice

From Dividing 1-Digit Number to HOME PAGE

Have your say about what you just read! Leave me a comment in the box below. Ask a Question or Answer a Question.

Didn't find what you were looking for? Or want to know more information about Math Only Math. Use this Google Search to find what you need.