Worksheet on Subtraction Properties

Third grade math worksheet on subtraction properties is great for practicing and testing the knowledge of the students on identifying the different properties.

1. Select the greater number and subtract the smaller number from it:

(i) 9, 19

(ii) 75, 57

(iii) 69, 96

(iv) 38, 37

(v) 351, 531

(vi) 215, 315

(vii) 212, 221

(viii) 121, 112

(ix) 4237, 3427

(x) 1117, 1171

(xi) 3725, 3275

(xii) 1002, 1020


2. Fill in the blanks using the properties of subtraction:

(i) 349 - ? = 0

(ii) 798 – 798 = ?

(iii) 5179 - ? = 5179

(iv) 1835 – 0 = ?

(v) ? = 1234 = 0

(vi) ? – 5712 = 0

(vii) 2739 – 0 = ?

(viii) 9135 - ? = 9135


3. Subtract the following:

(i) 56 – 45 = ?

(ii) 556 – 445 = ?

(iii) 5556 – 4445 = ?


4. (i) The sum of two numbers is 588. If one of the numbers is 231, find the other.

(ii) Illustrate that subtraction process is the reverse of addition process.


5. (i) Subtract 0 from 379

(ii) Subtract 4785 from 4785


6. Find two addition facts from each subtraction facts:

For example:

(i) 79 – 65 = 14.

For example:

65 + 14 = 79 and 14 + 65 = 79

(ii) 367 – 256 = 111.

(iii) 5417 – 4507 = 910.

(iv) 3928 – 1927 = 2001.


7. Find two subtraction facts from each addition facts:

For example:

(i) 50 + 60 = 110.

Solution:

110 - 60 = 50 and 110 - 50 = 60

(ii) 153 + 73 = 226.

(iii) 378 + 122 = 500.

(iv) 3578 + 2222 = 5800.

(v) 2216 + 2152 = 4368.

Answers for the worksheet on subtraction properties are given below to check the exact answers of the above subtraction questions.


Answers:

1. (i) 10

(ii) 18

(iii) 27

(iv) 1

(v) 180

(vi) 100

(vii) 9

(viii) 9

(ix) 810

(x) 54

(xi) 450

(xii) 18


2. (i) 349

(ii) 0

(iii) 0

(iv) 1835

(v) 1234

(vi) 5712

(vii) 2739

(viii) 0


3. (i) 11

(ii) 111

(ii) 1111


4. (i) 357

(ii) 7 – 2 = 5 so, 5 + 2 = 7


5. (i) 379

(ii) 0


6. (ii) 256 + 111 = 367 and 111 + 256 = 367

(iii) 4507 + 910 = 5417 and 910 + 4507 = 5417

(iv) 1927 + 2001 = 3928 and 2001 + 1927 = 3928


7. (ii) 226 - 73 = 153 and 226 - 153 = 73

(iii) 500 - 122 = 378 and 500 - 378 = 122

(iv) 5800 - 2222 = 3578 and 5800 - 3578 = 2222

(v) 4368 - 2152 = 2216 and 4368 - 2216 = 2152








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