Solved examples on word problems on multiplication.
1. For a school trip 6 buses were hired. Each bus carried 42 children. How many children went on the trip?
Solution:
Step I. Read and understand the word problem carefully.
Step II. Which operation is involved? Decide.
1 bus carries 42 children
Total number of buses × 6 children
6 buses carry (6 times 42 children) 252 children
So, 252 children went on the trip.
2. The product of two numbers is 96. If one number is 8, find the other.
Solution:
Step I. Make the sum
Step II. Recall the facts about multiplication that each multiplication fact has two division facts.
Multiplicand × Multiplier = Product
________ × 8 = 96
Division fact for the multiplication fact. 96 ÷ 8 = 12
So, the other number is 12.
3. A fruit vendor packed 260 cherries in 1 box. He had 32 boxes with him. Find the total number of cherries in his boxes.
Solution: 1 box carries cherries = 260 Total number of boxes = 32 32 boxes carry cherries = 260 × 32 So, 8320 cherries are there in 32 boxes. |
260 × 32 520 7800 8320 |
4. A swimming pool is filled with 2067 litres of water. Find the water in 48 such swimming pools?
Solution: 1 swimming pool has water = 2067 litres Total number of such swimming pools = 48 48 swimming pools will have water = 2067 × 48 litres So, 48 such swimming pools will have 99216 litres of water. |
2067 × 48 16536 82680 99216 |
Note:
If we have to find the value of many items and the value of 1 of them is given, we multiply.
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