Volume of Cube

Here we will learn how to solve the application problems on Volume of cube using the formula.

Formula for finding the volume of a cube

Volume of a Cube (V) = (edge)3 = a3;

where a = edge

 

1. A cubical wooden box of internal dimensions 1 m × 1 m × 1 m is made of 5 cm thick wood. The wood costs Rs. 18600 per cubic metre. If the box is open at the top, find the cost of wood required for making the box.





Solution:

Volume of Cube Image

Clearly, the outer dimensions of the box are as follows

The outer length = 1 m + 2 × 5 cm = 1.10 m

The outer breadth = 1 m + 2 × 5 cm = 1.10 m

The outer height = Inner height + 5 cm (since, the box is open at the top)

                         = 1.05 m

Therefore, the volume of wood required = Volume of the outer cuboid - volume of the inner cube

                                                          = 1.10 × 1.10 × 1.05 m3 - 13m3

                                                          = 1.2705 m3 - 1 m3

                                                          = 0.2705 m3

Therefore, the cost of wood = 0.2705 × Rs. 18600

                                        = Rs. 5031.30


2. The edge of a cubical block of wood measures 30 cm. A straight cylindrical hole of diameter 10 cm is drilled through the cube. Find the volume of the wood left in the block.

Solution:

Edge of a Cubical Block

Are of the cross section of the wood block left = Area of a face of the cube of edge 30 cm - Area of a circle of diameter 10 cm.

                                                                   = {302 - π ∙ (\(\frac{10}{2}\))2} cm2

                                                                   = (900 - 25π) cm2.

Cross Section of the Wood Block

Therefore, the volume of the wood left = (Are of the cross section) × Height

                                                         = (900 - 25π) × 30 cm3.

                                                         = (27000 - 750 × \(\frac{22}{7}\)) cm3.

                                                         = \(\frac{172500}{7}\) cm3.

                                                         = 24,642\(\frac{6}{7}\)cm3.





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