Problem solving on multiplication will help us to get the idea on how to solve the basic multiplication statement problems.
1. Three groups of ponies are eating. There are 2 ponies in each group. How many ponies are there in all?
Solution:
Number of groups of ponies = 3
Number of ponies in each group = 2
Therefore, total number ponies = 3 × 2 = 6
2. A coloring-pen cost 4 dollars. How many dollars Alex must have paid for 5 coloring-pens?
Solution:
Cost of a coloring-pen = $4
Number of coloring-pens = 5
Therefore, cost of 5 coloring-pens = $4 × 5 = $20
3. Andy had 2 groups of toy kittens. There were 5 kittens in each group. He put all the kittens in a basket. How many kittens were in the basket?
Solution:
Number of groups of toy kittens Andy had = 2
Number of kittens in each group = 5
Therefore, total number of kittens in the basket = 2 × 5 = 10
4. A table has 4 corners. In a classroom there are 8 tables. How many corners do 8 tables have in all?
Solution:
Number of corners a table has = 4
Number of tables = 8
Therefore, total number of corners 8 tables have = 4 × 8 = 32
More examples on statement problem solving on multiplication:
5. John is 9 years old. His brother is 3 times older than him. How old is John’s brother?
Solution:
Age of John = 9 years
Number of times his brother is older than John = 3
Age of John’s brother = 9 × 3 = 27 years
6. Mary is 5 years old. Her mother is 7 times as old as she is. How old is her mother?
Solution:
Age of Mary = 5 years
Number of times her mother is older than Mary = 7
Age of her mother = 5 × 7 = 35 years
7. There are 4 baskets. Each basket has 2 kittens. How many kittens are there in all?
Solution:
here are 4 baskets.
Each basket has 2 kittens
This can be written as: 4 × 2 = 8
Thus, there are 8 kittens in all
8. There are 5 crayon boxes. Each box has 3 crayons. How many crayons are there in all?
Solution:
There are 5 boxes
Each box has 3 crayons
This can be written as: 5 × 3 = 15
Thus, there are 15 crayons in all.
Worksheet on Problems on Multiplication:
1. Count and complete the following multiplication sums.
(i) There are 5 wheels. 1 wheel has 5 spokes.
5 × 5 = _____
Thus, 5 wheels have _____ spokes.
(ii) There are 3 zebras. I zebra has 4 legs.
3 × 4 = _____
Thus, 3 zebras have _____ legs.
(iii) There are 5 flower pots. I flower pot has 3 flowers.
5 × 3 = _____
Thus, 5 flower pots have _____ flowers.
(iv) There are 6 bicycles. I bicycle has 2 tyres.
6 × 2 = _____
Thus, 6 bicycles have _____ tyres.
(v) There are 3 spiders. I spider has 6 legs.
3 × 6 = _____
Thus, 3 spiders have _____ legs.
2. Word Problems on Multiplication:
(i) A pair of shoes contains 2 shoes. How many shoes are there in 4 pairs?
(ii) There are 5 boys in a row. How many boys are there in 5 rows?
(iii) There are 2 wheels in a bicycle. How many wheels are there in 6 bicycles?
Answers:
2. (i) 8
(ii) 25
(iii) 12
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