Problem solving on addition will help us to get the idea on how to solve the basic addition statement problems.

**1.** Three boys were playing cricket. Two more boys came along and played cricket with them. How many boys altogether were playing cricket?

Number of boys were playing cricket = 3

Number of boys came along and played cricket with them = 2

Therefore, total number of boys were playing cricket = 3 + 2 = 5

**2.** Harry had 5 stamps. Mother gave him 4 more. How many stamps in all did Harry have?

Number of stamps Harry had = 5

Number of stamps his mother gave him = 4

Therefore, total number of stamps he have = 5 + 4 = 9

**3.** Rachael had 6 stamps. Father gave her 2 stamps. How many
stamps does Rachael have now?

Number of stamps Rachael had = 6

Number of stamps her father gave her = 4

Therefore, total number of stamps she have now = 6 + 4 = 10

**4.** In a classroom, there were 2 brown tables, 1 red table
and 3 green tables. How many tables were there altogether?

Number of brown tables = 2

Number of red table = 1

Number of green tables = 3

Therefore, total number of tables in a classroom = 2 + 1 + 3 = 6

**5.** Jack spent 5 dollars for a pen, 3 dollars for a color
box, 2 dollars for a pencil box. How much did he spend altogether?

Amount of money Jack spent for a pen = $5

Amount of money he spent for a color box = $3

Amount of money he spent for a pencil box = $2

Therefore, total amount of money he spend altogether = $5 + $3 + $2 = 10

**6.** There were 6 yellow hats, 2 red hats and 6 blue hats. How
many hats were there?

Number of yellow hats = 6

Number of red hats = 2

Number of blue hats = 6

Therefore, total number of hats were there = 6 + 2 + 6 = 14

**7.** Alex had 4 books on cars, 5 on airplanes and 7 on boats.
How many books did he have in all?

Number of books on cars Alex had = 4

Number of books on airplanes = 5

Number of books on boats = 7

Therefore, total number of books he have in all = 4 + 5 + 7 = 16

**More examples on statement
problem solving on addition:**

**8.** In a game Mary had the best score. She made 8 in her
first turn, 6 in her second and 5 in her third. What was her total score?

Number of score Mary had in her first turn = 8

Number of score in her second turn = 5

Number of score in her third turn = 7

Therefore, total number of score Mary had in a game = 8 + 5 + 7 = 20

**9.** Sarah had 25 cards. She got 7 cards more. How many cards
did she have then?

Number of cards Sarah had = 25

Number of cards she got more = 7

Therefore, total number of cards she have then = 25 + 7 = 32

**10.** A farmer had 45 sheep before he bought 25 more. How many
sheep did he have then?

Number of sheep a farmer had = 45

Number of sheep he bought more = 25

Therefore, total number of sheep he have then = 45 + 25 = 70

**Word Problems on Addition:**

**11.** A basket had 28 mangoes in it. 14 more mangoes are kept in the basket. How many mangoes are there in the basket now?

**Solution:**

The basket had 2 8 mangoes

Mangoes kept in __ (+) 1 4 __

Now, there are __ 4 2 mangoes in all__

Thus, there are 42 mangoes in the basket now.

**12.** Aaron scored 33 runs in the first cricket match and 29 runs in the second. How many runs did he score in all?

**Solution:**

Aaron scored 3 3 runs in the first match

He scored __(+) 2 9 runs in the second match__

He scored __ 6 2 runs in all __

Thus, he scored 62 runs in all.

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